If you want to get into gardening but without having to work on a large area of soil, or if such area is unavailable, home gardening is the only other option. The additional advantage of home organic gardening is that you can be flexible with your plant choices.
To start, determine a suitable location within your property for your intended garden. The conventional location for most home organic farmers is the backyard. A few also do their gardening on raised soil beds. The most important consideration at this point is that the entire garden area should receive plenty of sunlight throughout the day.
Aside from access to sunlight, the garden area should also be easily reached with water, and likewise have a suitable drainage system.
After an appropriate location or soil area is determined and an irrigation method is established, the next step is to prepare the soil for gardening. For this task, you need gardening implements (a rake, shovel, etc.) for tilling or prepping the soil, and a pair of gloves for weeding the whole area. Preparing your garden for planting might take a few days, but it is important to do a good job at it to ensure the successful cultivation of your chosen vegetables later.
While preparing the garden, you must evaluate its readiness by taking some compost and mixing it in with the soil. The soil should assimilate the compost in a stable manner. This is the signal that that the garden is ready to be planted.
Some organic home farmers dislike commercial garden resources, preferring instead to create their own compost and even fertilizers. If you would like to take the same route, start by combining materials such as dead leaves and grass, coffee grounds or vegetable refuse, food waste, and even animal waste (chicken dung being the most widely used).
With the soil preparation complete, turn your attention to the vegetables that you would like to have in your garden. You must bear in mind that the vegetables you really want to plant may not be the right choices for your particular geographic area. Therefore, careful research (including getting advice and information from fellow gardeners in your area) should be done before you start procuring and planting your vegetable choices. Some vegetables may not survive or grow well because of climate incompatibility, pests, and plant diseases.
You can maximize garden yields, maintain your garden’s fertility, and get around pest and climate problems by practicing crop rotation. This is a gardening technique where different crops are planted alternately throughout the seasons, matching each crop’s viability in terms of climate.
Another concern you may have is the destruction of your garden brought about by animals. This can be prevented simply by creating a protective fence around the garden.
Finally, weeding the garden is an ongoing task. Many people actually find this to be strangely associated with the pleasure of gardening. Perhaps plucking out harmful weeds from the garden and watching the vegetables grow nicely offers relief from stress and provides a few quite moments for introspection. You might find that home gardening gives you this benefit, too.
Apart from the emotional and physical rewards of home gardening that many individuals are discovering, it is also a practical idea since organic products are expensive.