Literature in The Philippines – Philippine Literature Spanish Period

 Philippine literature in Spanish Period.

Spanish occupied Philippinesin early 15th century. The First Filipino alphabet is Alibata – when Spanish colonized Philippinesthey changed alibatas into Roman alphabet.

Spanish banned the used of Alibata because they believed that it is a work of evil. So Spanish fully introduced the Spanish literary language using many Spanish terms.

The European literature was brought by the Spaniards and are assimilated in Filipino song and indigeneous themes.

The early printing press in the Philippine is run and monopolized by the Spaniards friars.

Spanish colonial period literary genres consist of

Pasyon

Cenaculo

Tibag

Carillo – shadow play

Political essay

Comedia

Zarzuela

Spanish revolutionary Papers

El Heraldo de la revolusion

La Republica Filipina

La independencia

La libertad

La revolution

During Spanish colonization Filipinos felt that they being harrashed by the Spaniards. Then the Birth of the Propaganda movement and la Solidaridad.

Then Filipino fought and introduce tagalong to be the language of revolution of the nationalist movement.

Filipino Spanish literature

Pedro Bukakeng – Lam ang

Tomas Pinpin ( librong pa aaralan ng mga tagalong ng wikang kastilla ,1610

Gaspar Aquino de Belen  – Ang mahal na pasyon ni Jesus, Christong panginoon natin 1704

Pedro Paterno – Sampaguita, Ninay

Dr. Jose Rizal – Noli me Tangere, El Filibusterismo, Mi Ultimo Adios

Marcelo Del Pilar – Pag ibig sa tinubuang Lupa, Dasalan at tocsohan, kaiingat kayo

Graciano Lopez Jaena – Fray Botod

Franscico Baltazar – Florante at Laura

Fr. Modesto de Castro – Urbanaat Feliza

Emilio Jacinto – Liwanag sa Dilim

Jose Palma – Himmo Nacional Filipino, De mi jardin

Jose De la Cruz – Ibong Adarna

Magdalena Jalandoni – Ang guitara, si Anabella, Ang mga tunok sang isa ka bulak

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