Relationship of Philosophy to other Fields
Philosophy is all around us. In every person or every area, it is existing. Philosophy comes from the greek word “philosophia” which means love of knowledge or wisdom. In its technical sense, it is a science of beings for ultimate causes, reasons and principles acquired by human reason.There are three types of philosophy according to function. They are speculative or synthetic, normative or descriptive, analytical or critical. Speculative or synthetic builds world views, characterized by comprehensive and coherence. Normative or descriptive recommends norms or standards to guide human thinking and conduct.Analytical or critical examines ideas or concepts, theories and problems and issues for clarity. Below are the different distinctions between philosophy and other fields.
Philosophy and Religion. While philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reasons, mind and language, religion is a set of beliefs explaining the existence of and giving meaning to the universe, usually involving devotional and ritual observances. Philosophy and religion are interrelated. Both of them deal with human life, human mind, its existence on the universe, and the meaning of life. Both are fundamentally based on opinion and cannot be wholly proven. There are also some differences between a philosophy and a religion. While philosophy works on thought level, religion works on spiritual level. With the definition of philosophy as a way of thinking, we can say that it focus more on the mind while religion focuses on faith. Philosophy doesn’t have any rituals unlike almost all of the religion which have different ceremonies for important life events like birthdays, weddings, baptismal and deaths. Philosophy tends to emphasize just the use of reason and critical thinking whereas religion relies on faith or even use faith to the exclusion of reason. Philosophy provides questions you cannot answer while religion provides answers you cannot questions. Philosophy is a knowledge learned by man and discussed as ideas while in religion, knowledge comes from divine power greater than man who have in turn have learned and taught such knowledge. With this, we can say that any religion must have its own philosophy but it is not necessary that philosophy should have a religion or it should depend on religion.
Philosophy and Education. They are both interested in knowledge and both help us to understand our purpose in life. About the differences of the two, philosophy is theoretical and speculative while education is practical. Philosophy gives more idea and views and it is education that puts all those ideas in to practice. Philosophy is more of a way of life and an idea on how to live or do things while education is meant to be taught where we can learn facts, skills and values. Philosophical reflection and inquiry is indispensable for generating sound educational practice. Educational practice is indispensable for bringing philosophical reflection and inquiry to life.
Philosophy and Science. They are both interested in knowledge and reasoning. Both of them are in the fields of inquiry and investigation and both ask questions and seeks answers. When it comes to differences, science gives factual knowledge while philosophy gives ultimate knowledge. In searching for knowledge, science uses a scientific method which includes observations, research, experimentation and explanation of facts while philosophy involves interpretation and explanation of th ultimate relations and meanings of facts. Science presents details in simple and accurate manner. It is more descriptive and observational. Philosophy is comprehensive. It takes given facts and state its relation to the totality of our experience and the meaning of life. In terms of the relationship of the two, philosophy depends on science because science cannot go without philosophy. Philosophy gets knowledge from science and science gives knowledge to philosophy. The latter evaluates factual knowledge.
Philosophy and Arts. Both of them have common interest in interpreting experience. When it comes to differences artist is somewhat more limited than that of the philosopher Artist only interpret the aesthetic qualities of experiences while the philosopher’s concern are into many phases of experience. The work of an artist is actual while that of the philospher is practical. The artist enjoys and appreciates, expresses and creates while the philosopher intellectualizes aesthetic experience and seeks to analyze the experience of beauty. Artists are free from self-consciousness in order to project the true aesthetic value while a philosopher is highly conscious of himself. His interpretation must be self conscious and deliberate because he is a factor in his experience and therefore cannot interpret experience without taking himself into account.