How to Control Diabetes Through Proper Diet?

Diabetes is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease. More and more people are being diagnosed with diabetes and need to learn a proper diet for diabetes to keep their disease under control. Following the right diet is essential to prevent serious complications.


People with type 1 diabetes do not produce their own insulin, or they don’t make enough to stay alive. Therefore one of the ways to treat diabetes for these people is with daily insulin injections. Insulin may also be used to treat people with type 2 diabetes when other treatments fail. While some people with type 2 diabetes may be able to wean themselves from taking insulin, the type 1 person with diabetes must take it daily for life as insulin is not a cure, but a way to manage the disease.

Proper Diet

A proper diet for person with diabetess includes avoiding foods like simple carbohydrates that provide a spike in blood sugar. Instead, they should eat foods that are digested slowly and release a steady stream of nutrients so their glucose and insulin levels stay steady throughout the day.

Like avacados, nuts are high in fat, but also help lower insulin resistance. Examples of healthy nuts are pecans, almonds, cashews, walnuts and peanuts.

Researchers have evaluated commonly used spices and found some that help lower blood sugar readings. Cinnamon is one of the highest rated for lowering blood levels.

Sweet Potatoes
Low glycaemic foods will help you reduce points. Sweet potatoes contain higher fiber than regular potatoes, making them a healthier, lower glycaemic alternative. In addition, sweet potatoes contain high levels of anti-oxidants, believed to have a positive effect on insulin resistance. The high Vitamin B6 components found in sweet potatoes also help to reduce the risk of diabetic heart disease.

Garlic has long been known to raise insulin sensitivity and provide strong anti-oxidant protection.

Studies conducted at Arizona State University show that vinegar’s active ingredient acetic acid, decreases both fasting and after-meal glucose levels. Two to three tablespoons per day of apple cider vinegar is the recommended effective dosage.

Lemons are high in Vitamin C and low on the glycemic scale. The acidity in this fruit helps to prevent blood sugar spikes and lower the glycemic level. In addition, some research suggests that lemons and lemon juice helps in weight reduction.

The healthy fats in this fruit have shown to raise your insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. Avacados are high in fat however, and should be eaten in moderation.

Cherries are an ideal food for Type 2 diabetics. They contain high levels of anti-oxidants and fiber that help you raise your insulin output and lower your cholesterol. They’re also low in calories.


While choosing a fruit, always opt for fresh fruit. If fresh fruits are not available try to find dried or frozen fruits with no additional sugar.

You must include fruits with a low Glycaemic Index to control your Diabetes 2. The fruits with low Glycemic Index include Cherries, Prunes, Grapefruit, Dried Apricots, Raisins, Peach (canned juice), Apple, fresh Pear, Strawberries, Plum, Guava, Orange, Grapes, Papaya, Banana, Kiwi, Pineapple, Figs, and Mango.

Although watermelon has a high Glycaemic Index, the glycaemic load per food serving (size of 120g) is low; so unless you consume lots in one go, it will not have a big effect on your blood glucose levels.

You can consume these fruits either in raw or cooked form, or in the form of fruit juice, but with no added sugar! While buying fruits, try to buy small pieces. Try to avoid fruit juices. Instead opt for whole fruits since they contain more fiber and are more filling.

Fruits are an important staple of one’s diet. Whether you have Diabetes 2 or not, fruits provide you with fiber, vitamins and minerals which are essential for a complete balanced diet. If you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes you can still enjoy the benefits of fruits, except those fruits which contain high levels of carbohydrates and sugars and that can have an effect to increase your blood glucose level.

Vegetables supply vitamins, minerals and fiber. The best vegetable choices can be found to have low amounts of carbohydrates! The vegetables recommended in a Type 2 Diabetes diet include Broccoli, Lettuce, Spinach, Cabbage, Asparagus, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Radish, Turnip, Mushrooms, Green Peas, Soybean sprouts, Carrots, Onions, Peppers (all varieties), Green Beans, Eggplant, Celery, Cucumber, Zucchini, Tomatoes, Chilies, and vegetable juice.

Sometimes, medication is prescribed to treat diabetes. These medications include thiazolidinediones, meglitinides, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, sulfonylurea drugs, and biguanides. These drugs are only used in people with type 2 diabetes or women with gestational diabetes. They are not effective in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. They act to make the body sensitive to insulin, stimulate insulin production, slow starch absorption, or decrease sugar production in the liver.

Physical Activity
Daily exercise is another of the important ways to treat diabetes. Inactivity has been linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. Doctors recommend person with diabetess get at least 30 minutes of sustained moderate activity every day. This could include walking, dancing, aerobics or swimming.


When considering ways to treat diabetes, one should also think about regular checkups to keep tabs on the progression of the disease. This includes having regular eye and dental examinations as well as  

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