Here are some interesting things about these ancient people of North America.
1.) The city-capital of the Aztec people was Tenochtitlan, the site of present-day Mexico City.
2.) Aztec people called themselves Tenochas or Mexica.
3.) The Aztecs were short, sturdy people with almond-shaped eyes, dark, coarse hair and brown skin.
4.) Aztec’s spoke Nahuatl, a language that is still spoken today.
5.) Aztecs had an accurate calendar. They used 2 calendars for worship.
6.) Daily worship was determined by a calendar consisted of 260 days, divided into 20 weeks of 13 days. Each hour, day and week was ruled by a certain god.
7.) The great religious ceremonies and festivals were regulated by a calendar of 365 days composed of 18 months of 20 days and an additional 5-day period. Each month was dedicated to a major god.
8.) The paper they used was made from fig tree bark. They used a system of hieroglyphics or picture writing.
9.) Aztec people designed and built aqueducts, dikes and huge stone pyramids topped by temples.
10.) Boys attended school and studied history, religion, crafts and military training. Selected boys and girls attended special religious schools to become priests and priestess.
11.) Their only domesticated animals were dogs, ducks, geese, quails and turkeys. Aztec people never used beast of burden. Agricultural works and land transportation depended mainly on human power.
12.) Tools and weapons were not made of metal but were made of stone and wood. Most weapons were made of obsidian.
13.) Gold, silver, copper and other precious stones like emerald, jade, turquoise and even shells were mainly for ornaments.
14.) The estimated population of the Aztecs at the height of the civilization ranged from 5 million to 11 million.
15.) Tecnochtitlan was built on an island in Lake Texcoco.
16.) Well-to-do Aztecs homes were made of adobe and members of the royalty wore expensive clothes and headdress.
17.) Their method of gardening is called chinampas or floating gardens. Chinampas were artificial islands built by piling earth on woven rafts. Aztecs grew corn, beans, peppers, squash and tomatoes.
18.) Their principal food is called ‘tortillas’. These are flatcakes unleavened bread made from ground corn.
19.) Huitzilopochtli (Hummingbird-on-the-Left) is their war god and sun god. Thaloc was their rain god.
20.) The Aztec empire was invaded by Hernando Cortez in 1519. In 1521, Spaniards tore down the buildings and filled in the canals, completely destroying the city of Tenochtitlan.