Famous Architectural Remains of Ancient Rome: The City of Seven Hills

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According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus in a place known as Palatine Hill. This place is composed of

seven hills which are now known as The Seven Hills of Rome. This is why the City of Rome is also called “The City

of Seven Hills”. The hills, situated east of the river Tiber form the geographical heart of Rome. The seven hills are:

Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Esquiline, Palatine, Quirinal and Viminal Hill.

The Pantheon and the Colosseum are the two most famous surviving Roman architectures in Rome, the former is

undergoing complete reconstruction and the latter is still standing completely. Most of these ancient Roman architectures

in Rome are just remain although some are still completely intact. Here are other architectures found in Rome which are

now famous attractions.

Roman Forum

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One popular attraction that you’ll find in Aventine Hill is the ruin of the famous Roman Forum. The Circus Maximus were

also built here.

Circus Maximus

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The ruins of the Circus Maximus are still standing. It is an ancient hippodrome and mass entertainment venue located in

Rome. Situated in the valley between the Aventine and Palatine hills, it was the first and largest circus in ancient Rome.

The site is now a public park and retains little evidence of its former use.

Baths of Caracalla

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A surviving architecture that can be found in Caelian Hill which is a famous attraction now is the Baths of Caracalla.

Temple of Minerva Medica

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Ruins of famous ancient edifices that can still be seen in Equiline Hill include the Temple of Minerva Medica, Domus Aurea

and the Baths of Trajan.

Domus Aurea

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A statue of a muse in the newly reopened Domus Aurea, it lies under the ruins of the Baths of Trajan.

Baths of Trajan

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The Baths of Trajan and the surrounding park

Flavian Palace

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House of the Vestal Virgins

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The House of the Vestal Virgins was the place where Vestal Virgins lived.

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina

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The church of San Lorenzo in Miranda, built in the 17th century within the remains of the temple, still keeps the columned

portico of the temple of Antoninus and Faustina.

Trajan’s Market

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Trajan’s Market is a large complex of ruins in the city of Rome, located on the Via dei Fori Imperiali, at the opposite end to

the Colosseum.

The Romans are well-known for aqueducts and there are still some aqueducts in Rome and in other part of Europe.

Aqua Claudia and Aqua Anio Novus

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Remains of aqueducts Aqua Claudia and Aqua Anio Novus, integrated into the Aurelian Wall as a gate in 271 AD. Anio Novus

is an aqueduct, which, like theAqua Claudia, was begun by Caligula in 38 AD and completed in 52 AD by Claudius.

Acqua Vergine

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Acqua Vergine is one of the several aqueducts that serve the city of Rome, in Italy, with pure drinking-water. The picture above

is the still-functioning entrance to the inspection duct of the Acqua Vergine, at Via del Nazareno.

The Quirinal Hill is at the north-east of the city center. It is the location of the official residence of the Italian Head of State,

who resides in the Quirinal Palace. This section of the city offers lots of place of interest like the Gardens of Sallust, Baths

of Constantine, Torre delle Milizie, Trevi Fountain, Palazzo Baracchini, Churches Sain’ Andrea al Quirinale, San Carlo alle

Quattro Fontane and the Temple of Mars Ultor.

Temple of Mars Ultor

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Temple of Saturn

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The Temple of Saturn is a monument to the agricultural deity Saturn that stands at the western end of the Forum Romanum.

It represents the oldest surviving structure in that area, having been established between 501 and 498 BC.

Other remains of temples that can be found in Rome:

Temple of Vesta

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Temple of Hercules Victor

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Temple of Castor and Pollux

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Temple Of Caesar

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Rome is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. It is a city where you’ll find another city in it- the Vatican City

(regarded as the world’s smallest state). Rome, like Jerusalem, is considered by many Catholics as one of the holiest place.

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