Tuesday, December 12

Facts That You Should Know About Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever And Dengue Fever

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What are the things that we should know about Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, a viral infection that is really fatal?

In this article, you will get important information about this infection. This aims to provide you with knowledge in order for you to be protected. Here are the most common questions:

1. What is Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever or Dengue Fever?

Actually, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is different from Dengue Fever. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a severe and fatal condition and is the complication of Dengue fever if not treated while Dengue Fever is characterized by flu.

2. How do we get Dengue?

Dengue is a viral infection spread by a day-biting mosquito known as the Aedes Aegypti. They are usually found in the tropical areas. They are usually common in the cities but they can also be in the rural areas. 

We have the infection if this kind of mosquito had bitten an infected person then will also bite us. 

3. What should we feel if we have the infection?

In the case of Dengue Fever, you can experience the following:

1. high fever

2. rash (usually comes 3-4 days after experiencing fever)

3. muscle and joint pain

4. severe headache

5. pain behind your eyes

6. nausea, vomiting

7. loss of appetite

The duration can be for 10 days but the recovery will be for a month. When a dengue fever can’t be treated, it has the tendency to progress to Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. In Dengue Hemorrhagic fever, one can experience the following:

1. Bleeding from the nose, mouth and gums that is due to the blood vessels leaking.

2. Bruising can be a sign of bleeding

3. Shock (Dengue shock syndrome) can happen when prompt treatment isn’t given.

3. How is Dengue diagnosed?

It is diagnosed by a blood test but health care team members can also perform the Tourniquet Test.

4.Who is at risk for dengue?

Anyone who is bitten by an infected mosquito can get the infection. 

Risk factors for dengue hemorrhagic fever include a person’s age and immune system status, as well as the type of infecting virus.

Persons who were previously infected with one or more types of dengue virus are thought to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever if infected again.

5. What is the treatment for dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever?

There is no specific treatment for dengue.

Persons with dengue fever should rest and drink plenty of fluids.

They should be kept away from mosquitoes for the protection of others.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is treated by replacing lost fluids. Some patients need transfusions to control bleeding.

6. How can dengue be prevented?

There is no vaccine to prevent dengue.

The key measure is to eliminate their breeding place. 

Avoid mosquito bites when traveling in tropical areas:

  • Use mosquito repellents on skin and clothing.

  • When outdoors during times that mosquitoes are biting, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.

  • Avoid heavily populated residential areas.

  • When indoors, stay in air-conditioned or screened areas. Use bednets if sleeping areas are not screened or air-conditioned.

  • If you have symptoms of dengue, report your travel history to your doctor.

Eliminate mosquito breeding sites in areas where dengue might occur:

  • Eliminate mosquito breeding sites around homes. Discard items that can collect rain or run-off water, especially old tires.

  • Regularly change the water in outdoor bird baths and pet and animal water containers. 

Dengue is indeed very alarming. We have to make sure that we are protected especially if we are in a place where we are vulnerable. Act now!

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