Iligan is a city located at the northeastern coast of Mindanao. It is the second largest city in northern Mindanao which is surrounded by the town of Lugait, Misamis Oriental on the north, the territories of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon on the east, the bay of Iligan on the west and the towns of Baloi and Linamon of Lanao del Norte on the south.
According to history, before the arrival of Legaspi in the Philippine soil in 1565, there were two known peace-loving Higa-onon tribes of Mindanao; the Tala-andigs and the Banhawons who built an iliyan or ilihan meaning “a fortress of defense” on the coastal plains to protect them from the common assaults of pirates and savage tribes. It was from these words that the word Iligan originated. But there was also an another account from which the word Iligan was derived. Some said that it came from the seasonal surge and outpouring of its two major rivers. The natives call this alluvial occurence as “ilig”.This is the basis why the Iliganons regard the monsoon season as a blessing because the soil along the riverbanks are fertilized. The city is an area that grows crops such as corn and bananas.
Iligan is considered as the industrial center of the south because it houses hydro-electric power plants and many industries like steel, tinplate, cement and flourmills. It is blessed with more than 300,000 inhabitants. Together with the city of Cagayan de Oro they composed the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor which regarded as the fastest developing area in Northern Mindanao. Aside from that, its bay provides ferry and ship transportation. On its eastern part, there are flat cultivated coastal land which gives way to steep volcanic hills and mountains providing waterfalls and cold springs for which the place is well known.
Then, why it is called as the city of majestic waterfalls? Allow me to answer this question in this way; It is called the city of majestic waterfalls because it is the home of 23 waterfalls which include the famous and magnificent Mara Cristina Falls which is the highest waterfalls in the Philippines and the Limsudan falls. These waterfalls serve as the source of electric power in northern Mindanao. These make Iligan as the home of hydro-electric power stations. Being ringed with more than twenty water falls which supply the electric power of northern Mindanao, it earned the title “the City of Majestic Waterfalls”, a title which distinguished it from other cities all over the country.