Our health depends a great deal on the quantity and the quality of the water that we drink.
Our bodies are made up mostly of water. It is vital in the normal functioning of our organs, delivering nutrients to the different parts of our bodies and collecting and flushing out waste materials.
Nowadays there are numerous distinct types of water available for consumption that sometimes it can be tricky do decide which type to buy or where to obtain pure, safe, superior-quality water for drinking.
Water types include tap water which once seemed the only choice before bottled water for sale became commonplace, mountain spring or ground water, filtered water, and distilled water. All of these water types are potable. However, there are many differences in the way they are processed or produced. They also differ in mineral content and their benefits, as well as dangers, to the body.
Tap water is the most common form. It is also the least pure since it contains trace amounts of heavy metals such as arsenic, lead, and copper. In fact, it is long-established that tap water may carry traces of animal fecal matter that have passed through filters utilized by water companies for purification.
Distilled water is generated by churning or boiling tap water in appropriately designed distiller containers then accumulating the steam in separate containers. Once the steam cools and condenses, the molecules are filtered and the water obtained is pure and completely free from contaminants. This method gets rid of the heavy metals in tap water. One disadvantage of distilling water, though, is that it may eliminate, along with harmful elements, some essential minerals that the body requires.
Another technique for water purification is called reverse osmosis. In this process, high pressure is used to push water through a semi-permeable membrane or tissue, effectively killing off certain forms of harmful, disease-causing bacteria. However, the equipment necessary for this water purification system is much costlier than most typical distillers. Thus, for a home user or a traveler, a common water distiller is preferable and more practical to own.
A third option for water purification is ultraviolet radiation. This method generates water that is even more pure and clean than that produced through distillation or reverse osmosis. This method is usually employed in an industrial or commercial scale, just like reverse osmosis, and is even more costly.
Judging from these considerations, it can be determined that distilled water is the safest form of water that can be consumed; and the distillation process, though not perfect, is the least expensive and most time and energy efficient method.