Good Friday, which is also called as Great Friday, Holy Friday or Black Friday, is the Friday which is preceded by Easter Sunday. It is observed in commemoration of Crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Golgotha. It is a fast day at the Catholic Church.
Good Friday is an ancient commemoration with it being observed in Egeria back in the 4th century. With the passage of time, it became a day for penance and fasting and is observed as the anniversary of the death of Christ. Numerous churches observe Good Friday with some varying degree along with Catholics and Eastern Christians. They include Anglicans, Lutherans and Methodists.
Good Friday worship services commence in the noon and they consist of singing, preaching Passion of St. John’s gospel along with reading parts of John’s gospel. Veneration by approaching a wooden cross is also common along with Holy Communion and Masses. Most of modern Latin Rite of the Catholic Church do not hold Masses on Good Friday or even on Holy Saturday and instead they are held on Holy (Maundy) Thursday which is referred to as “Mass of the Pre-Sanctified.”
The Eastern Churches follow different customs and call it “the Great Friday.” The Orthodox Church start this day with Matins which are Morning Prayers and 12 passages are chanted known as “Twelve Gospels”.
Which ever tradition is followed, Good Friday is mourned and all Christians eagerly wait to celebrate Easter Sunday, the day Jesus was resurrected from death.