The common skin disorders and remedies:
1. Warts: Warts are firm abnormal elevated blemishes on the skin caused by a virus and are often highly contagious. Most are benign and disappear without treatment. Genital warts are an exception; their presence greatly increases the risk of genital cancers and so, should be treated by a doctor at once. Otherwise, warts do not have to be removed unless they become irritated or unsightly.
Remedies: Over-the-counter preparations work in some cases, but follow directions carefully. Some contain salicylic acid, which can burn the skin. Never apply these preparations to the genital area or the face.
2. Eczema and dermatitis: Eczema and dermatitis both refer to inflamed, scaly, itchy skin. Eczema typically occurs in babies, produces symmetrical patches on the face and limbs and is often associated with allergies and asthma. Dermatitis, a variation of eczema, is triggered by exposure to an irritant.
Remedies: Although eczema and dermatitis can cause intense itching, try not to scratch. Scratching only intensifies the problem and may also lead to infection. If a baby develops eczema, keep his or her nails cut short to prevent scratching and if necessary, cover the hand s with cotton socks or mittens.
3. Psoriasis: Patches of red, scaly skin with silvery scales are signs of psoriasis, which develops when skin cells reproduce too fast. The elbows, knees, torso, and scalp are most commonly affected and some people also develop arthritis. There is no cure for psoriasis, but the disease usually can be controlled.
Remedies: Stress does not cause psoriasis, but it can trigger a flare-up. To improve your stress coping ability, increase your exercise or learn relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercise, meditation, or yoga.
Psoriasis of the scalp can produce severe dandruff. Use shampoos and soaps containing coal tar. If the dandruff continues, see a dermatologist for a prescription shampoo.
4. Impetigo: Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection characterized by itchy, blistering eruptions that form a crust, usually on the face, legs, and arms. Impetigo spreads easily through direct contact and is most common in children and young adult, especially in warm weather.
Remedies: If impetigo develops, see a doctor promptly. Antibiotics clear up the infection within a few days. Both pills and an antibiotic skin cream may be prescribed.
To remove the skin crusts of the impetigo and prevent the spread of bacteria, wash the affected scars with warm water and antibacterial soap several times a day.
Do not share towels or clothing with a person who has impetigo or any other skin disorder.