Check the teaching materials and familiarize yourself with them
Make sure that you have all the material needed for the course. Familiarise yourself with a variety of materials and be sure it is in working order before beginning a class. For example, audio or video materials; is the volme set? Is the aplliance plugged in or working? In other words, be professional.
Set a pleasant environment
Make sure that the room is always clean and tidy. The sudent must feel comfortable to learn in the best possible condition. You’re responsible for the physical environment and the well-being of your students. So remember to check the following: temperature, light, seating. Also, consider decorating the room to make it as lively as possible.
Have a code of conduct
It’s important to let know the students what is and not acceptable behaviour. You must make my rules clear to the students. Here is a list of few thing you must not do.
Don’t go to class unprepared; don’t be inconsistent; don’t issue threats; don’t raise my voice; don’t give boring lessons; don’t be unfair and don’t break the code. The code applies the same to yourself as to the students.
Use a range of teaching methods and techniques (Relia, Pictures, Compare and Contrast or PPP)
Be creative and design interesting lessons to keep your learners’ attention and increase his/her motivation; songs, pair work, games, listening and reading- with participation from me. You also have to use PPP or an approach similar to presentation-practise-production.
Presentation, this means that you first present the language item that you intend to teach by providing models and contexts before they can use the language productively.
Then comes Practice, you get students to have the opportunities to use the target language through safe practise as pair practise or games. TTT is reduced to the maximum, and you have to monitor, help and correct the students.
The last, Production, at this stage you expect students to be able to use what they’ve been taught through various kinds of activities like writing, conversation with a partner or a picture discussion. STT is maximized and correction has to be kept to a minimum.
Don’t go into a lesson unprepared. Also, the plan is only a template, thus you have to be flexible and be armed with an alternative lesson if ever the activities planned had not worked in the way you anticipated. Think about making notes on your plan about what happened and learn from your mistakes.
Create warmers activities to ease gently the sudent into the lesson. Again, be creative to catch students’ interest and to get them motivated. Be careful that warmers are related to a language item studied before or to what you intend to teach, and be always in control of the class. Set a time limit for warmers as they are not the main focus of a lesson.
Know the phonetic symbols
As a language teacher, it’s very important you know about its phonology. To not able to tell your students about a particular sound, or even write a word on the board using phonetics would be unprofessional.