Understanding Diabetes in Layman’s terms.
Diabetes, what is it? There are millions of children and adults who have this disease all over the world. While a number of people were diagnosed with this diseases, it is unfortunate that a number of more than one third of those who were diagnosed are not aware that they have diabetes in them. This disease exists when our body does not properly produce or use insulin. Our body has a hormone that converts food, starches and sugar into energy that we use in our daily activities and that is what insulin does. Food intake, genetics and lack of exercise may be considered as an active contributing factor of acquiring this disease.
Dibetes type 1 and Diabetes type 2 are the two types of Diabetes. Diabetes type 1 is usually detected in early adolescence or in most cases from childhood, sometimes in association with injury, illness, urinary tract infection (UTI) or a virus at that early age. Nausea and vomiting followed by a serious disturbance in potassium blood level is a manifestation that one has diabetic ketoacidosis this could be a result of extra stress from an activity. Diabetes ketoacidosis could be treacherous and may lead to coma or even death if taken for granted.
Diabetes Mellitus or Diabetes of Type 2, if not treated properly, may lead to complications such as heart disease, kidney failure, blindness and nerve damage. Most common symptoms of these two types of diabetes are: fatigue, unexplained weight changes, polydipsia (unappeasable thirst), polyuria (excessive urination), polyphagia (excessive eating), slow healing of wounds, easily gets infections, unexplained irritability and blurry vision.
Smoking multiplies blood protein in the urine and could lead to kidney damage. If not attended to immediately may lead to more complications like renal disease that may require dialysis. Insulin resistance may also develop due to smoking or even just exposure to second hand smoke. Diabetic smokers have the worse blood sugar control compared to non-smokers. If not regulated properly or immediately controlled, high blood sugar may lead to other health complications. Studies show that death comes fast to those diabetic women who smoke compared to those diabetic women who don’t. Studies also show that healing process begins immediately for those diabetic smokers who stops smoking. Dramatic changes would be visible and continue to increase positively so long as that person stays smoke free.
Right food intake and regular exercise are two of the most noted activities, which is proven scientifically, that prevent diabetes. There may be a lot more other activities to prevent diabetes but if you already have diabetes, it would be best to consult your doctor first just to get guidance or advice before engaging to any of these activities.
If you make exercise as part of your daily activities, you can lower your body’s cholesterol, you can maintain your healthy looks and you can prevent getting diabetes. If you suspect that you have this disease, see your doctor and have your blood sugar level checked regularly.