Enjoy the scattered beauties and wonders of the Philippines not only on land, under the sea but also underground.
Explore these amazing underground wonders of the country from the north down to the south.
1. Sumaging Cave: Sagada, Mountain Province
Sumaging Cave is probably one of the most popular caves in Sagada. Aptly nicknamed as the Big Cave, was created
by water erosion. Sumaging is a cave of impressive size, which may be visited on organized spelunking tours.
When you plan to visit the place, get a guide at the Sagada Municipal Building because no one is allowed to go to the cave
without a guide and without registration. There are numerous fine formations like King’s Curtain, Rice Granary, or Cauliflower.
A huge hall is called the Dancing Hall. But there is also a crawl called the Tunnel.
The tour includes some water passages, which is rather harmless as the temperature in Philippine caves is rather
2. Langun-Gobingob Caves: Samar
Langun-Gobingob Caves in Calbiga, Samar is the biggest cave in Southeast Asia. It is a 12 cave system that will take 3
days and nights to explore. Also known as Calbiga Caves in Samar, it is the 2nd largest cathedral cave in the world. Most
of Calbiga Caves, covering a 2,968 hectares area is still unexplored.
The main cave is called Langun and is visited on spelunking trips. The main chamber is so huge that it can accommodate
50 commercial planes put together side by side or equivalent to three football fields. The caves are famous for speleothems
and a wide variety of cave life. There are numerous endangered species of bats living in the cave. True troglobionts are cave
crickets and eyeless fish.
3. Tabon Caves: Palawan
The Tabon Caves are a set of caves in Quezon that lies in the southern part of the Province of Palawan, Philippines. They
are famous for the found skull cap remains of the Tabon Man, which are 22,000 years old. Along with the skull cap, remains
of wild boar and deer with evidence of having been hunted for consumption were also found in the cave, apparent proof of
human inhabitation. The cave is said to be half a million years old, and has been inhabited for almost 50,000 years. The
Tabon cave complex consists of 29 explored caves, but there are 200 caves known on Lipuun Point. They are maintained
and managed by the National Museum. One of the caves is open to the public.
4. Biak-na-Bato: San Miguel, Bulacan
Biak-na-Bato is a historic place during the Philippine Revolution. It is a huge split boulder which is the mountain hideout
of the revolutionary forces during the Spanish regime and the place where the Malolos Constitution was signed by Gen.
Emilio Aguinaldo and Pedro Paterno. It is where the historic Biak-na-Bato Republic was established. The park appeals
to the adventurous spirit with its challenging rock formations. Hanging bridges and staircases connecting rivers and caves
make for a pleasurable exploration. Among the many ecological attractions in Biak-na-Bato National Park are Bahay Paniki
Cave, Aguinaldo Cave, Madlum Cave, Tanggapan Cave, and Tilandong Falls.
5. Crystal Cave: Baguio City
Crystal Cave is located in the summer capital of the Philippines – the City of Baguio. Upon entering you could see the
crystals gleaming and sparkling from the walls. You can see the walls carved by time and a worth see place.
6. Bintakan Caves & Nah-toban Cave: Ifugao
Bintakan Cave is located in Lagawe, Ifugao. It is situated at the rocky slope of Ibunao which is about 2 kilometers from the
provincial capitol. The mouth of the cave is overlooking the Ibunao River. It is a three-room cave with dripping water that
forms stalactites and stalagmites of different beautiful shapes. A nearby cave, the Nah-toban Cave is much larger than
Bintakan Cave and has a descending entrance with four rooms but there are still other rooms unexplored. It is located at
Boliwong, Lagawe, about 4 kilometers hike from the Poblacion passing through trails. Huge quantities of guano are found
in the cave.
7. Daliran Cave: Guimaras
This cave has abundant stalactites and stalagmites formed by years of dripping waters from the dome of the cave.
Daliran Cave located in Old Polacion, Buenavista, Guimaras.
8. Lumiang Cave: Mountain Province
Lumiang Cave is located in Sagada, Mountain Province. It is a burial cave, where coffins can be viewed from the large
entrance. During pre-Christian times this caves ware used to bury people. They were encased in a coffin carved in one
piece out of enormous pine tree trunks. To fit in they were arranged in the fetal position. Those coffins can be visited in
the entrance hall, behind the huge portal of Sagada Burial Cave. The cave served as hiding place of Filipino soldiers and
Guerillas during World War II.
9. Hinagdanan Caves: Bohol
If you visit the natural wonder in Bohol known as Chocoloate Hills, visit also the magnificent Hinagdanan Cave. It is a
cave on Panglao Island, in Bohol Province, Philippines. It is a naturally lighted cavern with a deep lagoon and many large
stalactites and stalagmites. The cave is part of the Chocolate Hills, a large, geologically unique karst region and protected
natural monument. The cave is lit by sunlight which filters through holes in the ceiling. The underground lake is a popular
10. Sohotan Caves: Samar
Sohotan Cave is located about 5 to 10 minutes drive from Borongan town proper. It is a large cave with natural rock formation
where old folks used to hide during the Pulahan days.