Table grapes – or grapes most consumers buy in the grocery store – come in three colors: green, red and blue-black. However, green grapes are often called white grapes. There are 17 major varieties of table grapes, which are the European type, and are predominantly grown in California. Arizona is also a producer of grapes. California accounts for 99% of all U.S. commercially grown table grapes. -fruitandveggieguru.com
Nectarines are thought to have initiated from peach seeds and possibly derived from China 2,000 years ago. They are believed to have been cultivated in Persia, Greece and Rome and introduced to the United States by Spain. More than 95% of nectarines produced in the United States come from California; they are available from June through September. Nectarines characteristics include a combination of both the peach and plum, though the nectarine is fuzzless. The difference between a nectarine and a peach is a recessive gene, but it is a separate and individual fruit. -fruitandveggieguru.com
The variety of grapefruit popular in the U.S. was discovered in Barbados. It was brought to Florida in the 1800s. Grapefruit are believed to be a mutation of the pummelo or a cross between a pummelo and an orange. Pummelos are similar to grapefruit, but their skin is green, the flavor is milder and they are much larger. Grapefruit received the name because they grow in clusters like grapes. Grapefruit consumption has dropped since the 1980s. It is often attributed to research that suggests grapefruit and grapefruit juice can either intensify or eliminate the effect of certain prescription drugs. Another factor thought to influence grapefruit consumption is that grapefruit is not convenient enough for today’s busy families. Florida is the United States’ main source of fresh grapefruit, with about 80% of the market share, but there is considerable production in Texas, California and Arizona and imports are available from Canada and Mexico. The U.S. is the largest producer of grapefruit. -fruitandveggieguru.com
Although raspberries are highly perishable, advances in climate-controlled packaging has allowed them to be shipped to the U.S. from as far away as New Zealand. Raspberries contain ellagic acid, an anti-carcinogenic compound which research suggests may help prevent cancer or inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Red raspberries are native to Europe and have been cultivated for over 400 years while wild red raspberries are native to North America. More than 40 varieties of raspberries were known by 1867, and there are more than 200 species known today. They thrive in cool summer/mild winter growing conditions. Washington State has the best growing conditions and leads the U.S. in raspberry production. -fruitandveggieguru.com
It is believed that wild watermelon derive from Africa, dating back 4,000 years to the Egyptians. Watermelon was found cultivated in Italy, India and Southern Asia and was introduced by Europeans to the United States. More than 75% of U.S. watermelon production comes from five states: Florida, California, Texas, Georgia and Arizona. Watermelon is heavy for its size because it is made up of 92% water. -fruitandveggieguru.com
Blueberries pack a big nutritional punch in a tiny package. They have been shown to help in fighting cancer and are full of antioxidants. Blueberries are popular in cereal and muffins, and have seen their popularity grow as their health benefits have become apparent. Blueberries are an American fruit. Early settlers used blueberries as a staple of their diets. Blueberries were often used in pemmican, a dried jerky-type substance that people could carry with them on long journeys. The United States is still the leading producer of blueberries, with more than 90 percent of the world’s blueberries being grown in the U.S.
Strawberries are thought to have been around since the first century, but the English have been producing strawberries since the 16th century. The U.S. industry is located mostly in the southern and coastal areas of California where moderate climates with warm days and low humidity make for an ideal growing environment. California is the largest U.S. state to produce strawberries. Florida and Oregon are the second- and third-largest strawberry producing states, respectively. Approximately 95% of shoppers purchase strawberries each year. Strawberries are grown mostly in California, Florida and Oregon. Over the past 20 years, strawberries experienced one of the largest jumps in consumption of all fruits and vegetables. They are the fifth most-consumed fruit in the United States, behind bananas, apples, oranges and grapes. The United States produces close to 30% of the world’s supply of strawberries each year, and most of those are consumed domestically. Most U.S. exports head to Canada, and supplies are imported from Mexico to supplement domestic supplies. -fruitandveggieguru.com
Because of the amount of vitamin C contained in oranges, they are a perfect food for pregnant women to consume. Oranges also have hefty doses of potassium, calcium, vitamin D and folate, which are vital nutrients during pregnancy. It is believed that Christopher Columbus brought orange seeds and seedlings with him to the New World. By the 1820s, when Florida became a U.S. territory, orange groves were thriving. The navel orange was developed in the United States. Oranges are the third most popular fruit in the United States.-fruitandveggieguru.com
Apples have been found throughout most of recorded history. Many cultures creation stories include man living in a paradise filled with fruit trees. The apple has long been a symbol of temptation based on the biblical creation story where Eve tempted Adam with an apple. Apples are an important symbol in Greek mythology, included in the stories of Hera and Zeus and Helen of Troy. Apples are one of the most popular fruits. They were purchased by 80 percent of consumers in 2006, according to The Packer’s Fresh Trends. apples are a healthy, fun snack for both adults and children. -fruitandveggieguru.com
Bananas may well be the world’s oldest fruit. They have been found in all recorded history. Bananas probably originated in Southeast Asia and were introduced to the Western Hemisphere when Spanish explorers brought them with them. Bananas are one of the most popular fruits. According to The Packer’s Fresh Trends 89 percent of consumers purchased bananas in the past 12 months. Bananas have been a lunch box favorite for generations because of their easy portability.-fruitandveggieguru.com
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