The history of wearing graduation caps and gowns was dated throughout the middles ages, where the students of several universities especially in Europe wore regalia or academic dresses and soon developed into a mandatory requirements upon every commencement activity until this present days. Back then, in the regularly heat-free buildings of various schools, colleges and universities of the middle ages, wearing bulky gowns noticeable because of its length were becoming necessity of the scholars to counter the cold. It was then that the officials of the said institutions saw its relevance and elegance to the scholars and to classify them from other students and also not only for students but to the mentors and official governing the institution, dressing in gowns with caps became a mandate to every student until then. Revisions and enhancement paved the way to the academic dresses for graduating students beginning in the 12th to 13th centuries when universities were flourishing. And also because of the great influenced of religion in most cases, eventually, almost of the official back then has a vivid connection to priesthood. So most of the medieval scholars had made certain vows, and ordered by their supremes to wear clerical robes which were very identical to the academic regalia wore by the typical students.
In the late of 1300’s, the University of Coimbra mandated that all Licentiates, Bachelors, and Doctors must be wearing gowns in entering their particular classes. In the last half of the 1400’s, excessive in wearing clothing was not allowed in a quantity of colleges and approved the wearing of a long gown. By that time in the reign Henry VIII in England, their two major universities, namely, Oxford and Cambridge started to use a standardized form of academic regalia, which was detailed by the universities even its minute details.
Until the latter part of 1800’s that a particular color were assigned to indicate certain fields of learning, but they were only standardized in the United States. Due to that the European bodies have been known for its diversities of academic regalia, but because of Gardner Cottrell Leonard who was native citizen of Albany, New York the American institutions employ a definite system of academic dresses after of his dedication in conniving gowns for his class at Williams College in 1887. He took it seriously about academic gowns that he published a piece of writing on academic dresses in the early of 1890’s then after he was requested to work with an Intercollegiate Commission to structure a system of academic regalia. The system that Gardner Cotrell Leonard drafted together with his colleagues in the Intercollegiate Commission was patterned on a gown cut’s style and fabric as well as the designated colors that signified fields of learning. In the middle of 1900’s, the American Council on Education (ACE) had constituted a Committee on Academic Costumes and Ceremonies that reviewed and revised the existing costume code. In the fall of 1986, the committee altered the code concerning the color schemes to make clear the use of dark blue for a Doctor of Philosophy for it conflicted to other areas of study.
In addition, the designated color to every area of learning is implemented to hood’s facing. While the caps should be prepared from black cotton poplin and others to match the gown they are using. And also Velvet featured attire may only be used for doctor. Lastly, the tassels should be fixed firmly to the middle surface of the cap’s top and it should be whether a black or the color of the certain area of study, perhaps it is gold if and only if the person is a doctor of such study.