In the United States, there is an Inter – Collegiate code which is the basis of the academic dresses use in some of universities, colleges and other teaching institution in their graduation events. By this code the dresses are detailed which became the standard of some school, university and other teaching institution in their graduation ceremony. Though, academic regalia phenomenons in the western countries are greatly influenced by the European people. Although, Inter – Collegiate code is followed by almost of the teaching institutions, some still do not follow it, even smaller number of teaching institutions ignore it.
In the so called Colonial Colleges period the practice of wearing academic regalia was widely adopted by United States schools and institution and if you noticed through the designed, styles and even the practices was seriously subjective by European custom and culture. It was the eve of the American Civil War that the practice of wearing a so called college habit of thecolonial colleges’ students were ended. Until that time the students are no more forced to be dressed in the college habit at most times in the most known and sophisticated learning school in the land.
However, the Sewanee which is a group or society of students, continued to wear academic regalia into the classrooms. At the end of the civil war, academic regalia was normally used when introducing their institution or at any school ceremonies especially in the school commencement activities. Furthermore, there was not whichever regularity between the meanings that are following the various costumes. In the late 1800’s, there was a creation of an Intercollegiate Commission composing of representatives from various leading and governing institutions; their task is to establish an up to standard system of academic dress such as in academic regalia. Their meeting place was in the Columbia College which now known as the Columbia University. In the midst of 1895, the Commission agreed to have a code of academic regalia; this code detailed the representations of the style, cut and materials of the dress, as well as the meaning of the colors which were to be a symbol of the diverse fields of education.
In early 1900’s, a committee was appointed by the American Council on Education (ACE) which is the authority governing the educational field that time. This committee is to determine and review if whether the completion and revision of the academic code implemented by the conference of the school, colleges, universities and other teaching institution in the late 1800’s is advantageous at that time, and if this will be abolish then the representatives of the committee would sketch a revision of the code and present it to the institutional members of the Council so that the revised code will be put into consideration. Since that year, the institutional members of the Council reviewed the state of affairs and signed an approval of a code for academic attires and the code has been in effect for that generation and yet to come. In the late 1950’s, the American Council on Education appointed a Committee on Academic Costumes and Ceremonies that is authorized to review again the academic dress code and made quite a lot of changes.
Nevertheless, academic costume is now on the odd occasion worn by the people without the reference to any commencement rites or other academic ceremonies such as University’s Foundation day. Commencement activities have become widely popular in the various teaching institutions, to the extent even to the high school graduations to middle school graduations, elementary school commencement activities and even to the kindergarten graduation ceremonies. And the custom wearing Academic regalia has been pass on from generation to generations.