The growth and the continuous presence of dental diseases hereditary or traumatic malocclusion predispose to these animals when chewing characteristics can be lost.
The malocclusion is the most common oral disease in rodents and lagomorphs, which can be corrected in one procedure or require periodic corrections throughout the life of the animal.
The dental pathology is very common in rabbits. The causes of these changes can be very varied, but they are invariably linked to the fact that rabbits make throughout their lives teeth of continuous growth. The dentition comprises 28 teeth, in addition to incisors, which can be seen easily, they also have the premolars and molars. Because of the anatomical features of the mouth of the rabbits, the latter are not easy to visualize. The incisors are used to cut the food while the molars and premolars are for grinding food and reduce it to little pieces. The wear of the teeth is made by chewing and by contact between teeth.
The causes of dental problems are varied: they may be hereditary, congenital or acquired (for deficiencies during growth, inadequate diet, or trauma).
- Decreased appetite;
- Weight loss;
- Excessive salivation;
- ocular discharge;
- Irregularities in the jaw (caused by growth on the roots of the molars) and abscesses;
- Changes of growth at the incisors (if any changes to the incisors, there is a good probability that there are already changes in the molars).
In any situation of malocclusion is impaired prehension and mastication, requiring treatment is allowing the return of the oral cavity in his office. Treatment involves correcting the alignment of occlusal and dietary management, food items with more fibrous and abrasive products (vegetables rich in silica, lignin and cellulose). Such procedures can be performed with the animal under general anesthesia.
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