When an individual experiences something that is mystical, then that mystical experience can’t be explained through things such as logic and it cannot be directly communicated, according to the definition. San Juan de la Cruz is the writer of a popular poem, which has the title “Song of the Soul.” According to San Juan de la Cruz, he had a personal experience that may be described as being spiritual or mystical.
The only way that San Juan de la Cruz was able to put his mystical and spiritual experience into words was by using metaphors. San Juan de la Cruz makes an attempt to express the mystical joy in his poem, titled “Song of the Soul.” However, it is said that this spiritual and mystical joy can’t ever be communicated to its fullest extent, no matter what logical or metaphorical words that anyone has attempted to use in order to describe such an experience.
San Juan de la Cruz had spent time in prison and he also spent time in the desert after being exiled. In fact, San Juan de la Cruz spent the majority of his life in those two places. While being in either of them, San Juan de la Cruz went through a state of depression that can be described as being a deprivation of the man’s spirit. San Juan de la Cruz described this as being “the dark night of the soul.”
Two different and contrasting symbols that San Juan de la Cruz used widely while writing his poetry were light and darkness. Both light and darkness represented something very significant. The soul’s condition as it was being deprived of divine grace is what darkness represented. Light represented God being mystically and spiritually present.
“Song of the Soul” is a poem in which the actual soul is the speaker of the poem. Its dark night is referred to in each verse’s ending words. In this particular poem, San Juan de la Cruz uses the eternal spring to represent the divine spirit, instead of his more common choice of using light to represent it.