Flowering Plants

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Flowering plants are plants that make seeds in flowers. The majority of flowers have both male and female parts. The male part is called a stamen and the female part is called a pistil. Those flowers are known as “perfect” flowers. When the male stamen parts are separate from the female pistil parts, then those plants have “imperfect” flowers.

Flowers come in many different forms. They come in a variety of textures and colors and they also come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Flowers have petals, a stamen, a pistil, a sepal, stigma, pollen tube, a style, and an ovary. The “style” is the pistil’s stock, where the pollen tube grows. The surface of the pistil, which receives pollen, is the stigma.

The male stamen of a flower is where pollen is produced. The female pistil of a flower is where the ovules of the plant are produced. Pollen travels from the anthers of the stamen to the stigma of the pistil. This fertilizes the ovules. The stigma is the flower part of the plant, which catches pollen.

When pollen enters into the ovary’s ovule, fertilization has occurred. The pollen grain sprouts a tube after it lands on the stigma of the plant. The style connects the stigma to the ovary and the sprouted tube grows down the style. The pollen tube goes into the ovule and the female plant cells are fertilized by the male plant cells. The fertilized ovule becomes a seed, which contains a plant embryo.

Fruit protects the seeds. The ovary, which surrounds the seed, is where fruit is formed. There are moist fruits and dry fruits. Some examples of moist fruits are peaches, melons, grapes, and tomatoes. Some examples of dry fruits are coconuts and walnuts.


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