First Aid for Deadly Bites

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First Aid for Deadly Bites

By: nobert bermosa

Tick Bites

The most common tick-borne illness is Lyme disease which is carried by a bacterium that infects mice, ticks, deer and humans. It is distinguished by a red bull’s eye rash, fatigue, chills and fever within 3 to 30 days after infection and has been fatal in some cases. To make the tick drop away from the skin, cover it with heavy oil, such as lubricating oil. If no oil is available, lighted cigarette will do. Wash the bite and the surrounding area carefully with soap and water and apply an antiseptic. Consult a doctor if symptoms of tick or tularemia, such as unexplained muscular weakness, occur following a bite.

Insect Sting

The most common stinging insects are honeybees, wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets. These insects usually attack during hot summer days. Avoid wearing strongly scented perfumes or cosmetics and brightly colored clothing because they attract bees. If stung, the insect’s stinger should be scraped gently but quickly from the skin but don’t squeeze it. Apply Epsom salt solution to the sting area and offer the victim an antihistamine to reduce discomfort. And as usual, call a physician.

Chigger Bite

Apply ice water or better yet, rub ice over the area afflicted by bites of the tiny red insect. Wash the affected area with soap using a scrub brush. Rub alcohol over the surrounding areas and apply sulfur ointment as protection against mites that may have attached themselves to the skin. Wash the worn clothes immediately.

Cat Scratch

We often disregard a cat scratch or bite because they appear at first to be only a mild injury not knowing that the wound can become the site of entry for a disease virus. Cat scratch can cause inflammation, accompanied by fever, generally affecting the lymph nodes although seldom fatal.

Treatment: Wash the scratch carefully with water and soap. Apply hydrogen peroxide and cover with sterile dressing.  If redness and swelling develop even after the scratch appears healed, consult your physician.

Leeches

Although these parasites are not fatal, I included it on the list because you might encounter such situation. Do not try to pull leeches off the skin. Leeches are likely to let go if iodine is applied to their bodies. They will usually drop away from the skin if a heated material such as lighted cigarette is held close to them. Wash thoroughly the wound caused by a leech with soap and water. Afterward, apply an antiseptic on the affected area.

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