The Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Bird’s Nest, is an arena located within Beijing China. The stadium sits in the Olympic Green as the highest elevated construction made of steel. The layout of the stadium originated from research having to do with fired clay in China. With the intention of concealing the foundation of a retractable roof, steel beams were attached to the structure, additionally giving the arena a bird’s nest appearance. The upper covering of the stadium inspired the structure’s greatest identifiable characteristic. The retractable roof was eventually removed from the arena.
The Beijing National Stadium was originally created to be used during the Summer Olympics of 2008 as well as the Paralympics. In April of 2003, following a bidding procedure which consisted of thirteen concluding submissions, the Swiss architecture firm known as Herzog & de Meuron awarded the Beijing National Stadium to a submission of its own. The creative advisor, Ai Weiwei, performed an essential part to succeeding in giving the arena unique Chinese features. The stadium opened publicly in June of 2008, nearly five years after the ground was broken.
The Beijing National Stadium was a collaborative endeavor for several architects. These architects were project architect Stefan Marbach, Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron of Herzog & de Meuron, an artist by the name of Ai Weiwei, and CADG, which was directed by chief architect Li Xinggag. In the words of Li, the desire of the nation was for this stadium to be very unique and have something new to show the people. The effort of their endeavor was to construct an arena that was permeable while also being a communal building or an unrestricted public vessel. In order to accomplish this, they examined Chinese ceramics and this line of thought is what is responsible for the scheme of the nest. There are twenty-four bound pillars, weighing about a thousand tons, covering the interior hollow area of the stadium.
The group of architects met at Basel in 2003 and made the decision to execute a design different from what Herzog and de Meuron had originally intended. The Beijing National Stadium consists of two separate constructions, which stand about fifty feet apart from one another. The first structure is a concrete seating bowl and the second is the exterior frame that surrounds it. The group utilized the superficially indiscriminant supplementary steel to unify the foundations into the remainder of the arena, attempting to camouflage the steel supports for the retractable roof, needed in the bidding procedure. Regardless of the stadium’s indiscriminate appearances, each half of the arena is virtually indistinguishable.
The roof at the Charles de Gaulle International Airport gave way and ended up caving in, leading Beijing to look over and revise every major structural design. Additionally, the choice was made to remove the retractable roof and take nine thousand seats from the design of the National Stadium. The elimination of such features aided in bringing the scheme beneath the decreased construction financial plan of two hundred and ninety million dollars, from an original five hundred million dollars. In eliminating the retractable roof, the mass of the structure was reduced, which aided in allowing it to endure the bustle and upheaval of seismic activity. Nonetheless, the higher segment of the rooftop was additionally reformed to shelter the building’s guests from the elements of weather.
The nickname “The Bird’s Nest” was given to the arena because of its external appearance. Herzog & de Meuron were the first to employ this slogan, though they believed that there should be various manners in which a structure is recognized. Li clarified that the use of this phrase was a praising commendation to the structure because, in China, a bird’s nest is an exceptionally pricey thing that a person eats during a celebration or on another special occasion.
The Times reported in January of 2008 that ten workers had lost their lives during the construction of the National Stadium. The Chinese government denied these claims. However, about a week later, Reuters reported that workers had, in fact died, but the number of these deaths did not go above merely two people. The Chinese government supported this claim.
The ground was broken for the stadium at the Olympic Green on the 24th of December in the year 2003 after being worked on by about seventeen thousand workers, at its height. The stadium is known as the largest steel structure in the world, weighing approximately one hundred and ten thousand tons. During a ceremony, the Beijing National Stadium officially opened to the public on June 28 in the year 2008.
In order to enrich the sightlines, the eastern and western platforms of the Beijing National Stadium are more elevated than the northern and southern platforms. A rainwater accumulator is positioned close to the arena. Following the purification of the water, it is employed all around the arena. In order to gather heat in the winter and coldness in the summer, pipes have been situated below the playing of the stadium. The farthest seat is four hundred and sixty feet from the center field. The temperature and flow of air throughout each area were enhanced for better ventilation.
Some hotels near the Beijing National Stadium are Kempinski Beijing Lufthansa Center, Marriott Beijing Executive Apartments, Renaissance Beijing Hotel, Comfort Inn & Suites, Hotel Kunlun, Beijing Jing Gang Wan Hotel, and Beijing Hua Tai Hotel. Some of the most popular restaurants near the arena are Da Dong Roast Duck Restaurant, Hatsune Yin Quan, Dali Courtyard, and Made in China Grand Hyatt, Paper, Xinjiang Red Rose Restaurant, Noodle Loft, Din Tai Fung, Cafe Europa, Ding Tai Feng Restaurant, Pure Lotus, Cafe Sambal, All-Star Sports Bar & Grill, Huang Ting, Chef Too, Alameda, Mare, and Quanjude Peking Duck.