All canines need a resting place to call their own; in all cases possible, learn the needs of your new puppy prior to purchase or adoption. Before adopting a dog, have handy all necessary provisions such as crates, beds, feeding dishes and water bowls. This way, when you bring the puppy home the new environment will be calm and comfortable and you can rest assured and at ease knowing what to expect from the new puppy and what the new puppy needs.
The Needs of the Puppy
The needs of all puppies can be divided into two basic general groups as follows:
*The basic needs-the need for food, water, shelter, chewing and veterinary care.
*The higher needs-those of acceptance, socialization and pack assimilation. A dog that feels accepted and welcome most often is well socialized and will therefore without doubt finds its place in the pack, human and dog.
Each need is as equally important as the other to the general well-being of the puppy. Proper upbringing must entail both basic and higher needs. Dogs want nothing more than to please their masters. Meet the needs of the puppy and the puppy will meet its expectations.
Prepare Feeding Plan
Properly feeding the new puppy involves providing essential nutrients to meet the demands of a rapidly growing animal in order to improve general appearance and behavior. Keep in mind that every breed is different, some have typically higher metabolisms and some are normally more energetic. It is therefore best for you to continue feeding the same foods that the breeder or pet shop fed and continue the same feeding schedule. If you are not provided automatically with the puppy’s diet and feeding schedule, ask the seller and he will gladly pass it to you.
Feeding an already proven diet eliminates the high risk trial and error that would inevitably follow your search for a suitable feeding plan as the new owner. After about five days in the new home, the puppy can be changed gradually to a new diet by adding small quantities of new food to its staple bowl fillers. Deciding on week by week feeding of the new puppy is of utmost important to its growth.
Prepare Crates and Beds
Every puppy needs a warm, dry place to retire. If your dog is to be a kennel dog, then his kennel which should be his own and not shared with another dog will be his private abode so please prepare one. The kennel must be clean and ideally should provide a place of exercise and leisure. Remember also that your attention will be needed by the new puppy in order for it to remain well socialized and disciplined.
If the new puppy is to be an indoor companion, crates and beds will need to be considered as a resting place for the dog. Other items such as blanket, towel or other suitable bedding, a safe chew toy and a few objects which will make the puppy feel more pleased with his new home should also be prepared. The best crate for your new puppy is one made of sturdy plastic with an open front grate that latches securely shut. Ventilation is an essential feature so be sure the crate allows air passage through at least two of its sides. You will probably have to purchase two crates, one for the puppy and one for the adult dog, unless your dog is a particularly small one.
Before adopting a dog or purchasing one for that matter, check its veterinary records. Be sure that all its inoculations are up to date and that the puppy was generally examined and approved by the inspecting veterinarian. Take the puppy to your vet as soon as possible and have it inspected once you take it home. Ask the seller for a copy of the puppy’s health record and bring it to the vet with you on your first visit. Regular veterinary care should be followed, at least two check-ups annually.
As the new owner of your new puppy try to know as much as possible about the breed you have chosen. You may supplement your awareness by reading about the temperament of the breed as well as other information such as grooming, training and general hygiene to help you understand your new puppy. Territory and dominance are very important factors that the new owner must be aware of and knowledge of these is of paramount importance.
When you first bring the new puppy home introduce the necessary areas set up for its use such as crates, kennels etc. and don’t be surprised if the new puppy wanders off to his new home and retires for a nap.