Garlic is a species of the onion family. The relatives of garlic are onions, shallots, leeks, and chives. Garlic has a pungent and spicy flavor. When used in cooking it tends to mellow and sweeten the food. Garlic is a herb and the most useful part of the plant is the bulb. The leaves, stems, and flowers of the garlic plant are also edible. Garlic may be purchased fresh, frozen, or dried.
Garlic is popular in medicinal use. It has been found to have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. Garlic is used to help prevent heart disease including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and cancer. Garlic is even known to fight the common cold. It has been a tradition in herbal remedies that garlic was used for hoarseness and colds. It was also used as an expectorant for coughs. Studies show that garlic also helps regulate blood sugar levels. Diabetics who use insulin should seek the advice from their doctor before using garlic in medicinal amounts. In World War 1 and World War ll garlic was used as an antiseptic to fight gangrene. Garlic is very healthy for you and contains many vitamins and minerals. When garlic is crushed it produces a powerful antibiotic and antifungal compound. Garlic is often used as a home remedy to treat strep throat. Today you may purchase garlic in a tablet form as a supplement.
Garlic is very easy to grow and can be grown year-round in mild climates. Garlic is grown around the world. Garlic plants have no pests. China is the leading producer of garlic in the world. Most of the garlic that is grown in the United States is grown in Gilroy, California.