What is Science Fiction?
They are stories about humans with humans problems, that exist with advanced technology. They will have an adventure or will have various problems and use the advanced technology to either help them, or they will need to try to solve a problem that has arisen because of the advanced technology. Movies that present naturalistic Science Fiction would be movies like Star Wars, Star Trek or Serenity.
Science is presented as something problematic. Scientific technology is too advanced for us in our present state to be able to understand or use properly. A problem will arise because of the advanced technology and the humans who discovered it, or invented it will need to set things right, or to stop whatever it was that they invented. For example Bladerunner, Back to the Future, Flight of the Navigator.
Science fiction stories set in the future will present adventure stories or drama stories but will present the future as being far more advanced technologically than we are. The character will exist in a world of scientific technology and will be able to understand it and how to use it effectively. They will have a story that is not dependant on the existence of advanced technology to happen. The advanced technology is just another aspect of their universe.
Sci-Fi will present us a world that is similar to ours but is slightly different. The story will be about the characters discovering that world alongside of us. They are about discovery and the possible effects of the technology that exists in that world.
What are Science Fiction stories about?
A setting in the future, in alternative timelines, or in a historical past that places more advanced technology that was present in the normal timeline.
A setting in outer space, on other worlds, or involving aliens
Stories that involve technology or scientific principles that contradict known laws of nature
Stories that involve discovery or application of new scientific principles, such as time travel, or new a technology, such as nanotechnology, faster-than-light travel or robots, or of new and different political or social systems.
Science Fiction stories will use advanced technology to show us that humans are not perfect but have the capacity to be good or evil. Their choices depend on who they are and where they came from.