The largest war of the decade is being fought within India with hundreds of burned villages, and scores of forests being turned into a battlefield. This war is hidden from much media attention and many civilians are being armed by paramilitary forces to join the fight aganist the Maoists in vigilante groups. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is calling the Maoist threat the single-biggest security challenge India has faced since independence.
In India, lack of rural development, failed peace initiatives, and underdeveloped social programs appear to be giving strength to the internal Maoist rebellion India is facing, now officially called the Naxalites. Stretching from the southern most state of Kerala to the eastern region of Assam, Maoist rebels and their factions occupy the numerous forests and rural areas, making rule of law impossible and civil unrests more brutal.
The movement began in the 1960s in the state of Andhra Pradesh through a singer who sang for the rights of the underprivileged and the landless farmers, and then sowing the seeds of Marxism. Those seeds are now ripening and budding into a large open movement that is a threat to the power of the central government and the existing establishments. In the beginning, this movement was only near AP (Andhra Pradesh) but now has spread from the south all the way to the eastern most states and the whole area of this movement is called the “red corridor.” International events such as the Maoist takeover of Nepal, Chinese and Cuban influences and flow of foreign cash has supplied the rebels with much of the armaments in weapons and morale they needed to start mass producing their propaganda and the clashes with the Indian military.
India is faced with a serious developing problem and within the next decade, this problem will become an open civil war unless Indian governments in all levels take a keen interest in solving this issue. For any problem, to effectively address it, you must attack the root causes and thus eliminating the effects that derive from those causes. With regard to these rebels, the root cause in the underlying extreme poverty in many of these low class peasants and the lack of land and opportunities for these people. Over 40% of the world’s poor live in a area that is 1/3 the size of the United States and this leads to these numerous issues, one of them being the Maoist rebellion.
With the growth of the Indian economy and unprecedented boom in the resources of the Indian government, India now has to contribute considerable resources toward this problem.
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