Symptoms of Various Thyroid Problems

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Thyroid gland was described by Thomas Wharton. It is a butterfly shaped gland situated at the front part of the neck region just below the Adam’s apple near the trachea.  Thyroid gland secretes mainly two hormones namely Thyroxine-T4, Tri-iodo-thyronine-T3. Generally T4 levels are higher than those of T3; our body can convert T4 to T3 when needed.

Thyroid problems are related to secretion of these hormones. The following are common thyroid problems.

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland secretes less thyroid hormone than the body needs. This is because of not taking balanced diet.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  • Hypothyroidism often results in high cholesterol levels.
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Weight gain
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Cold intolerance
  • Hair loss
  • Constipation
  • Heavy menstruation
  • Poor memory
  • Coarse skin

Hyperthyroidism: Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces more hormone than the body needs.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:

  • Weight loss
  • Depression
  • Hair loss
  • Lighter periods in women
  • Poor memory
  • Nervousness
  • Erectile dysfunction in men
  • Increased sweating
  • Increased heart rate
  • Insomnia
  • Poor memory
  • Diarrhea

Grave’s Disease: Grave’s Disease is also known as Exophthalmic goiter. It is due to the over secretion of thyroxine. This disease is more common in women than men and occurs between the ages of 20 and 40.

Symptoms of Grave’s Disease:

  • Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Weight loss
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Increased body temperature
  • Low cholesterol levels
  • Increased blood sugar levels and iodine levels
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased BMR
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Susceptibility to infection
  • Swollen eyes
  • Weakness of muscles

Cretinism: Cretinism is a disease produced in children as a result of hypothyroidism.  The symptoms do not appear until the age of 6 months because enough hormone is present in mother’s milk.

Symptoms of Cretinism:

  • Delayed development of child such as holding up the head (3 months), sitting and dentition (5 to 7 months), standing, walking and speech (12 to 18 months) etc
  • Deformed bones and teeth
  • Wrinkled, rough and dry skin
  • Protruding tongue
  • Pot-like belly
  • Reduced appetite
  • Low resistance
  • Low BMR
  • Susceptibility to cold, toxins and infections
  • Bloating face

There are many other thyroid diseases like Hashimoto’s disease, Thyroid Cancer, Gull’s disease etc. consult your physician immediately if you observe the above symptoms as some of them are common to some other diseases.


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