On Tuesday 12 January 2010. The earthquake occurred at a depth of 10 kilometers (6.2 mi). There were 12 aftershocks recorded by the United States Geological Survey. According to international Red Cross as many 3 million people have been affected by the quake with as many as 100,000 deaths. The earthquake occurred inland, on 12 January 2010, approximately 15 kilometers (10 miles) WSW from Port-au-Prince at a depth of 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) on the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system. The United States Geological Survey recorded six aftershocks in the two hours after the main earthquake of magnitudes approximately 5.9, 5.5, 5.1, 4.8, 4.5, and 4.5. After nine hours 26 aftershocks of magnitude 4.2 or greater were recorded, with twelve of them magnitude 5.0 or greater.
Haiti’s consul general in New York City stated, “more than 100,000 are dead”; Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that “hundreds of thousands” of people might have died in the quake. New reports say up to 500,000 maybe dead. The UN headquarters hosting the stabilization mission for Haiti (MINUSTAH), at the Christopher Hotel in Port-au-Prince, suffered a devastating collapse, concentrating early UN rescue efforts on their own personnel. Most of MINUSTAH’s 9,000 troops and police were located elsewhere.
The National Palace was severely damaged. The buildings of the finance ministry, the ministry of public works, the ministry of communication and culture, the Palace of Justice, the Superior Normal School, the National School of Administration, the Caribbean regional office of the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF), Parliament, and Port-au-Prince Cathedral were damaged to varying degrees. In neighboring Dominican Republic, buildings shook in the capital Santo Domingo, but no major damage was reported there. With the Haiti as one of the poorest countries it may need some help from it neighboring counties to repair.