There are a number of things to keep in mind when writing a lesson plan. There are a lot of pre-made plans out there in the world; certainly they must work for some people (or they would not sell). However, your daily plans should be tailored to your teaching style, the age group you will be targeting, and your institutions requirements.
Before embarking upon lesson planning, you should have a good idea where this particular lesson will fit in with your curriculum guide and curriculum map. Its a good idea to have a way of checking items off your curriculum map as you teach lessons, and a build-in method of re-grouping if a lesson doesn’t go well. With that in mind, here are a few key questions to ask yourself as you plan:
1. What requirements/skills does this lesson cover?
2. What should my students know at the end of this lesson?
3. Do I have any learners in this class who will probably need a little extra help?
4. What materials will be needed?
5. Do I need a script containing key facts to make sure I don’t forget or scramble them? (This could be especially important for history or science where one may be imparting facts rather than processes.)
Once you have your purpose firmly in mind, Create a catchy opening that will focus your students and let them know it is time to work.
Next, explain the content of the assignment briefly. This can be as simple as saying,”Today, students, we are going to examine a line.” It should be brief, because you do not want to take up too much of your instruction time.
Follow up the introductory statement with specific instructions for the assignment. For example: establish with the students that a line is a point extended to infinity. If this is an art lesson, explain how lines are used to indicate the spaces objects inhabit. If this is a math lesson, you may be showing them how to map lines on a graph or how to measure a line.
Next, give the assignment. Make sure you allow ample working time. If one session does not have enough time to do the assignment, then plan a second session for the work. Make sure you allow time for a refresher at the beginning of the work session.
Use your key questions to create a grading key. When work is turned in, grade according to the key. Return quickly; students have short memories for what they have done. Feedback is essential to success.