An adjective is a word that is often confused with other parts of speech. The best way to remember its relationship in a sentence is that it goes with the noun. the adjective modifies or tells the reader more about the particular noun that it applies to by limiting its meaning
Adjectives modify or change the meaning of the noun or pronoun by enhancing or limiting its meaning. For example, ‘three’ dollars, ‘any’ objections, ‘purple’ balloon. Adjectives describe a noun or pronoun by answering one of these questions. ‘What kind? Which one? How Many? How much?
Two verb forms can also act as adjectives: the present participle which ends in -ing, and the part participle which ends in -ed or is irregularly formed. Examples are: a ‘dancing’ hen, the ‘crumpled’ paper, a ‘broken’ dish.
Pronouns can also serve as adjectives, for example, possessive pronouns (my, our, your, his, her, its, and their) act as adjectives when they modify nouns. Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, and those) can also be considered demonstrative adjectives. Possessive nouns, like possessive pronouns, can be used as adjectives. In fact, any noun that modifies another noun can be considered an adjective. Examples: ‘my’ kitten, ‘those’ bicycles, ‘Lucy’s’ report, ‘leather’ shoes.
An adjectives position in relation to the word it modifies may vary. Examples are: How ‘spicy’ the chili is! The chili is spicy. Peppers make the chili ‘spicy’.
Adjectives that compare. Many adjectives have different forms to indicate their degree of comparison. the ‘positive form’ indicates no comparison. The ‘comparative form’ compares two nouns or pronouns. The ‘superlative form’ compares more than two nouns or pronouns. Examples are: slow slower slowest, lucky luckier luckiest, good better best.
Articles are the adjectives ‘a’, ‘an’, and ‘the’. ‘A’ and ‘an’ are called ‘indefinite articles’. A is used before consonant sounds, and ‘an’ is used before vowel sounds. ‘The’ is called the ‘definite’ article. It is pronounced as ‘Thuh’ before a consonant sound, and ‘thee’ before a vowel sound.
Proper adjectives. A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter. Examples are: The ‘Texan’ barbecue was a success. The Victorian Era in England lasted from 1837 to 1901.