A TRAVELLERS’ GUIDE
New Delhi is a huge city, One of the biggest in the World. Here the text does not aim to be comprehensive; rather, it is a selection of the best and most popular places, all of which are accessible by public transport.
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New Delhi, like any Capital City in the World has numerous attrections of every kind for visitors and residents alike. All the great museums, art galleries and historical buildings are here, and so too are many leser- known sights which are equally rewarding to visit. Most are concentrated within the central area, but I also wander North – Eastern part to walled City past Jama Masjid ( Islamic Place for worship ) and Lal quila ( red fort )
It is intended to work on two levels. first, its a guide to where to go and what to see, with descriptions of places of interest arrenged in such a way that point up aspects of the City which together give an overall view of the shape of New Delhi and its History.
Taken as a whole, Delhi can be bewildering. more then most Capital Cities, New Delhi breaks down into separate neighbourhoods and districts, each of which is large enough not possible to be covered in a single day.
The central Delhi, also known as Lutyens Delhi is a landmark to the City. There are no Villages in New Delhi, A vast urban sprawl has swallowed up communities which were once dotted around the Capital, named after the great Inns, meant as a place for an halt overnight for the passing carvans, after a long journey mostly by Hourse – driven Carts or Camel riders finally to seek an entry into the City by following morning through heavily guarded entry points at Delhi gate or Kashmiri gate.
These Villages would have been sarrounded by lush green well by ninteenth century if it had not been for the great official palace for viceroy to India ( A representative for Queen Victoria ) to be constructed in the Heart of the City, for which more than Hundred Villages were acuired by British, and thus came into existance the great architectural monarch of the British Empire; An official residance of Viceroy, a significance of British rule to India.
READY TO EXPLORE
In 1911, the city was made the capital city of India. Two British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker were commissioned to design The city in sync with the architectural grandeur of London. New Delhi was born.
New Delhi had been the host to some of the great Dynesties of the World. The Chauhans, The Mughals and The British. A land of great feast and Hospitality. Once Prince of Wales had remarked that he never understood how a King should live until he saw the Viceroy of India, equally left her in disbelief was the Vicerine, the lady Edwina Mountbatten, wife of Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy to British India. Edwina had asked a servent a few scrapes for the two Sealyhams,Mizzen and Jib, which the Mountbattens had brought out from London. To her amazement, thirty minutes later, a pair of turbaned servents solemnly marched into her badroom, each bearing a silver tray set with china plate on which was laid several slices of freshly roasted chicken breast. eyes wide with wonder, Edwina contemplated that chicken she had not seen food like that in the austerity of England for week.
She glanced at the Sealyhams, barking at her feet, then back at the chicken. Her disciplined concsience would not allow her to give pets such nourishment. ” Give me that,” She ordered. Firmly grasping the two plates of chicken, she marched into the bathroom and locked the door. Then, the woman who would offer in next months the Hospitality of Viceroy’s House to 25,000 people, gleefully began to devour the chicken intended for her pets.
The ideal time of visiting Delhi is between November and March. Summers in Delhi are sometimes unbearable with temperatures rising to 45°C in May and June. Monsoons take the stage from end of June which continues till October. The average annual rainfall in Delhi is approximately 714 millimeters. Winters in Delhi stretching from December to January are spine chilling when the temperature can dip down to 2°C. Light woolen Clothes are advised if planing between October and Decmber and heavy garments through out January.
FEEL NEW DELHI IN YOUR BONES
New Delhi, the capital and third largest city of India is like a papyrus manuscript that has been devastated and reestablished seven times by different rulers. Situated on the western plains of river Ganges, the seat of political and administrative power blends its centuries old heritage with dynamism of present modern times. Besides being famous for its architectural monuments, temples, mosques and forts its labyrinthine streets are also popular among tourists for colorful bazaars. New Delhi in all makes a beautiful tapestry that speaks a thousand words. New Delhi is a shopper’s paradise and a gourmet’s delight with many facilities for sports.
Bahai or Lotus Temple
As the name suggests, it is build in the shape of a lotus bud. Completed in 1986, it is set in midst of beauteous mural like lush green gardens. it is one of the seven temples of Bahai religion all over the world. Nine ponds of tranquil water encircle making it a mosaic of serenity.
Tomb of Humayun
It was built in 1565 A.D. by widow of King Humayun Bega Begam. The walled enclosure is made up of colored sandstone. The centrally located well proportional mausoleum is topped with a double dome, which is done in white marble. Its most alluring sights are the garden squares (chaharbagh) that are paved with water channels. Inside the walled enclosure many prince and princess from Mughal dynasty are buried and their grave shave survived till date.India Gate
Designed by Edward Lutyens, the 42 meters high red sandstone structure stands tall in Central Delhi. Its foundation stone was laid by the Duke of Connaught in 1921 to commemorate the memory of Indian soldiers who became martyrs in First World War and bears the names of 13,516 martyrs of Afghan war of 1919.Indian government after freedom added Amar Jawan Jyoti to it in memory of martyrs of 1971 war with Pakistan. Lush green lawns and fountains surround Jama Masjid
The 16th century biggest mosque of Old Delhi has three gates, four towers and two 40 meters high minarets. The beauty in red sandstone and white marble has the single largest courtyard of Delhi to hold 25,000 people for prayers.
This Red sandstone observatory was built in 1724 by Hindu king Jai Singh of Jaipur to give impetus to astronomy.
It has monuments of Sayyid and Lodhi periods that include tombs, mosques and bridges that are encircled by alluring green gardens. Most famous of the tombs is the tomb of Sikandar Lodhi and is an octagonal tomb. Other tombs have imposing domes, turrets on corners and big facades
Build in 1193, this 73meters high tower of victory has five storeys, three of which are made of red sandstone and last two with marble and red sandstone. Each story has a balcony and tapers. The complex also houses Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, India’s first Mosque and a 7 meters high iron pillar
Build in red sandstone and white marble in 1753-54, the mausoleum of SadarJung has several pavilions and a madarsa. It has lush gardens and a water channel with fountains pass through them.
is the pride of Delhi, is a paramount 33 meters tall structure in red sandstone. Build in 16th century, the complex has many buildings like Drum House, Hall of Private Audience, Hall of private audiences, Pearl Mosque, Royal Bath and Palace of Color. Every evening a sound and light show is held that is an added attraction.
Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple is the newest addition and is build in ancient Indian architectural and religious style.