Religious Significance of the Days of the Week

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Sunday

  • Easter Sunday is the most important day in the Christian calendar.
  • Low Sunday, first Sunday after Easter, is also known as the Octave of Easter, White Sunday, Quasimodo Sunday, Alb Sunday, Antipascha Sunday, and Divine Mercy Sunday.
  • Palm Sunday is the Sunday before Easter.
  • On March 7, 321, Constantine I decreed that Sunday will be observed as the “Roman day of Rest.”

Monday

  • In Judaism and Islam Mondays are considered auspicious days for fasting.
  • In Judaism the Torah is read in public on Monday mornings, and special penitential prayers are said on Monday, unless there is a special occasion for happiness which cancels them.
  • In the Eastern Orthodox Church Mondays are days on which the Angels are commemorated.
  • Easter Monday is the day after Eastern Sunday and is celebrated as a holiday in some largely Christian cultures, especially Roman Catholic cultures.

Tuesday

  • In the Eastern Orthodox Church, Tuesdays are dedicated to Saint John the Baptist.

Wednesday

  • According to the Hebrew Bible, Wednesday is the day when the Sun and Moon were created.
  • Ash Wednesday, the first day of Roman Catholic Lent, occurs forty days before Easter, not counting Sundays.
  • Spy Wednesday is an old name given to the Wednesday immediately proceeding Easter, in allusion to the betrayal of Jesus by Judas Iscariot.

Thursday

  • In the Hindu religion, from Guru, the Sanskrit name for Jupiter, the largest of planets. Guruvaar fasting is very common throughout India for various holy/religious reasons.
  • In Judaism and Islam Thursdays are considered auspicious days for fasting.
  • In Judaism the Torah is read in public on Thursday mornings, and special penitential prayers are said on Thursday.
  • Maundy Thursday is the Thursday before Easter — the day on which the Last Supper occurred.
  • Ascension Thursday is 40 days after Easter, when Christ ascended into Heaven.
  • In the Eastern Orthodox Church, Thursdays are dedicated to the Apostles and Saint Nicholas.
  • In the United States, Thanksgiving Day is an annual festival celebrated on a Thursday in November, currently the fourth Thursday.

Friday

  • The Jewish Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday and lasts until nightfall on Saturday.
  • In Christianity Good Friday is the Friday before Easter. It commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus.
  • Traditionally, Roman Catholics were obliged to refrain from eating the meat of land animals on Fridays.
  • Some Traditionalist Catholics voluntarily continue to practice every-Friday abstinence.
  • Some Anglo-Catholics also practice abstinence either on all Fridays or on Fridays in Lent.
  • The Eastern Orthodox Church continues to observe Fridays as fast days throughout the year (with the exception of several fast-free periods during the year.
  • Orthodox also abstains from using oil in their cooking and from alcoholic beverages. For the Orthodox, Fridays throughout the year commemorate the Crucifixion of Christ and the Mother of God.
  • In Islam, Friday is the day of public worship in mosques.
  • Friday is also the day of rest in the Bahá’í Faith.
  • Good Friday is the Friday before Easter in the Christian calendar. It commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus.
  • Black Friday refers to any one of several historical disasters that happened on Fridays.

Saturday

  • Adventist, Seventh-day Baptist, Church of God, Messianic Jews observe Saturdays as their Sabbath day.
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