Great men in history built mausoleum for themselves or by their followers after their death. Mausoleums are constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb or the tomb may be considered to be within the mausoleum
Some of these men were love by many but hated by many also.
Che Guevarra Mausoleum
The Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician and guerilla leader Che Guevarra is a prominent figure amongst the South Americans and to the rest of the world. He was buried in the Che Guevara Mausoleum (Mausoleo Che Guevara) which is located in Santa Clara, Cuba. The mausoleum also houses sixteen of his fellow combatants who were killed in 1967 during his attempt to spur an armed uprising in Bolivia. At the site, there is a museum dedicated to Guevara’s life and an eternal flame lit by Fidel Castro in Che’s memory.
Mausoleum of Genghis Khan
One of the greatest conquerors in history is Genghis Khan and his final resting place which was built from 1954 to 1956 is located along a river in Kandehuo Enclosure, Xinjie Town in Inner Mongolia, a part of China. The Mausoleum is not the real burial place of the Khan, which has never been discovered; it is a cenotaph, where the coffin contains no body, but only headdresses and accessories. Genghis Khan was born Temujin (ironworker) in 1162 and died in 227. He founded and ruled the Mongol Empire – the largest contiguous empire in history.
Masidun Nabawi or Mosque of the Prophet is where you can find the Mausoleum of the Prophet Muhammad. It is located in Medina and is regarded as the second holiest site in Islam. The mosque is also the second largest in the world. The tomb is specifically located beneath the Green Dome situated over the center of the mosque.
Mausoleum of Augustus
Augustus Caesar was the first emperor of the Roman Empire and regarded as one of the greatest Roman in History. His final resting place, the Mausoleum of Augustus, a large tomb built the Campus Martius in Rome, is now located on the Piazza Augusto Imperatore. It is no longer open to tourists, and the ravages of time and carelessness have stripped the ruins bare. However, the ruins remain an impressive and dominating landmark on the northern side of the Campus Martius.
Mausoleum of Tamerlane
The mausoleum of the Asian conqueror Tamerlane is the Gur-e Amir – Persian for “Tomb of the King”. Gur-e Amir, an architectural complex with azure dome, contains the tombs of Tamerlane, his two sons and two grandsons. Tamerlane is also known as Timur, the founder of Timurid Empire and Timurid Dynasty.
Cyrus the Great Tomb
Cyrus the Great (600 – 530 BCE) was the first Zoroastrian Persian Emperor and was the founder of the Persian Empire – a world-empire of major historical importance. His Mausoleum lies in the ruins of Pasargadae and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The reign of Cyrus the Great lasted twenty nine to thirty years.
Mao Zedong Mausoleum
Mao Zedong was born in 1893 and died in 1976. He was a Chinese Communist leader and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. He has been regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history. The Chairman Mao Memorial Hall commonly known as the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, or the Mao Mausoleum, is the final his resting place. Mao Zedong had wished to be cremated but his body was embalmed and a mausoleum was constructed in the middle of Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
Hadrian (76 – 138 CE) was emperor of Rome from AD 117 to 138 and well-remembered for the construction of the so-called Hadrian Wall – a stone and fortification in northern England. Hadrian was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors and his mausoleum usually known as the Castel Sant’Angelo, a towering cylindrical building located in Rome. The mausoleum contains Hadrian’s ashes together with those of his wife Sabina, and his first adopted son, Lucius Aelius. Remains of succeeding emperors were also placed here, with the last recorded deposition being Caracalla in 217.
Cihu Presidential Burial Place
Chiang Kai-shek (1887 – 1975) was a political and military leader of 20th century China. He unified China in 1928 and became China’s overall leader. He also ruled as the President of Taiwan (Republic of China). The Cihu Presidential Burial Place or Cihu Mausoleum is his temporary resting place which is located in Daxi Township, Taoyuan County in Taiwan. When he died in 1975, he was never buried in the traditional Chinese fashion but entombed in a black marble sarcophagus since he expressed the wish to be eventually buried in his native Fengua in Zhejiang province once the Kuomintang (KMT) recovered mainland China from the Communists.
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Ho Chi Minh (1890 – 1969) was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary and statesman. He served as Prime Minister from 1946 up to 1955 and North Vietnam’s President from 1945 to 1969. The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, his final resting place, is a large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located in the center of Ba Dinh Square, the place where Ho read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Vladimir Lenin (1870 – 1924), one of the most influential people of the 20th century, was the Bolshevik leader of the 1917 October Revolution and the first head of state of the USSR. Lenin’s Mausoleum also known as Lenin’s Tomb is located in Red Square, Moscow. His embalmed body has been on public display there since the year he died in 1924.
Kumsusan Memorial Palace
Kim Il-sung, North Korea’s president and founder, is regarded by North Koreans as their “Great Leader”. The Kumsusan Memorial Palace, his final resting place, is formerly the president’s official residence. It is a large building located northeast of downtown Pyongyang, the capital city of North Korea. Kim Il-sung’s embalmed body lies viewable in state inside a clear sarcophagus. The building is also sometimes referred to as the Kim Il-sung Mausoleum.
Mausoleum of Theoderic
The Mausoleum of Theodoric, an ancient monument in Ravenna, Italy was built in 520 by Theodoric the Great as his future tomb. It is the only surviving example of a tomb of a barbarian king of this period. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Theodoric the Great was king of the Ostrogoths from 471 to 526), ruler of Italy from 493 to 526, regent of the Visigoths from 511 to 526 and a viceroy of the (Eastern) Roman Empire. He became a hero of Germanic legend.
Mausoleum of Akbar the Great
Akbar was the 3rd Mughal Emperor f India and was the grandson of Babur, the founder of the dynasty. His final resting place, known as the Tomb of Akbar the Great, is an important architectural masterpiece set in 48 hectares or 119 acres of grounds in Sikandra a suburb of Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for it.
Tomb of Askia
Askia the Great (c. 1442-1538) was a well-known figure in West Africa. He was a king of the Songhai Empire in the late 15th century. His policies resulted in a rapid expansion of trade with Europe and Asia. He created many schools and made Islam an integral part of the empire. He is reputed to be buried in the Tomb of Askia in Gao, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal
The tombs of Shah Jahan meaning “King of the World” (1592 – 1666 – builder of Taj Mahal) and his wife Mumtaz Mahal meaning “beloved ornament of the palace” (1593 – 1631 – to whom the Tal Mahal was dedicated) are located inside the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1628 until 1658. Shah Jahan was the 5th ruler of the Mughal Empire. Mumtaz Mahal is his 3rd wife and his favorite.
Naqsh-e-Rustam is where lie the tombs of Darius the Great or Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE) and his son Xerxes (r. 486-465 BCE). Darius the Great (c. 549 BC – October 486 BC), a descendant of Cyrus the Great, was a Great King of Persia. He was the third Achaemenian King and called by some arguably “the greatest of the Achaemenid kings”. His son, Xerxes the Great, succeeded him with a very smooth transition of power challenged by no subject nation of the huge Achaemenid Empire. Other Persian Kings buried on the site include Artaxerxes I (r. 465-424 BCE), Darius II and probably that of Darius III.
Mausoleum of Avicenna
The mausoleum of Avicenna is located in Hamedan, Iran. Avicenna (c. 980 – 1037) was a Persian polymath and the foremost physician and philosopher of his time. This man with exceptional intelligence was also an astronomer, chemist, logician, paleontologist, physicist, mathematician, poet, psychologist, scientist and teacher.