In 264 B.C, Rome prepared for war against Carthage. Carthage was founded by the Phoenicians, they where known to have a strong forces in the seas. Theywere able to control the western part of Mediterranean including Spain, Northern Africa and the Island of Sicily. Because of this Rome considered Carthage as a threat to their power . They think that Carthage could possibly grab some of their allies and lost its supplies from the Island Sicily. The series of this wars between Rome and Carthage was called as Punic Wars.
The first Punic war started as Rome prepared for war against Carthage. As a result Carthage was forced to surrender Sicily to Rome which makes Sicily as the first province of Rome outside its territory.
Meanwhile Hannibal. the general of Carthage attack itally from the north as a revenge to Rome. Hannibal fight well at Cannae which resulted to the death of an estimated of 50,000 Roman soldiers which was mourned by Rome. This incidence resulted to the start of the second Punic war.
With the help of some Rome allies Roman General Scipio attacked the Carthaginian in Spain to apprehend them from giving reinforcement to Hannibal. North Africa was also subjected to Roman attacked. Because of this Hannibal returned to protect his home land.
In 202 B.C, Hannibal was lost to General Scipio in the war at Zama, this event ended the second Punic war.
The Romans again became triumphant in the third Punic war. They burned Carthage and sold the remaining Carthaginian into slavery.They poisoned the soils of Carthage to prevent plants from growing and as their revenge for the thousands of soldiers that was killed during the reign of Hannibal.