Nouns are the first part of speech that we come across in any language. If a person in a foreign language situation knows some nouns then he/she is able to communicate somewhat. Nouns are the words that name things. We humans always need to name things that we use, see, and imagine.
Look for the word in the text that names
a person: aunt, ecologist, Robert, mother,child.
A place: playground city living room, Arizona.
A thing: moon, whale, chipmunk, White House.3
or idea: democracy, hope, century, impatience for example.
This names an object that occupies space or can be recognized by any of the senses. for example, salt, whisper, thunder, sand, scent.
This names an idea, a quality, or a characteristic. For example, confusion, grief, patience, clarity, friendship.
Singular and Plural Nouns:
Most nouns are singular or plural. A singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea. A plural noun names more than one. For example, boy-boys, branch-branches, story-stories, hoof-hooves, woman,women.
These show possession, ownership or the general relationship between two nouns. Instead of saying “The chair of Lynn”, we just say “Lynn’s chair”.
Singular and plural examples are Susie’s calculator, the boys’ cars.
This is made up of two or more words. Compound nouns may be open, hyphenated, or closed. Examples are, Open: music box, press secretary, public defender. Hyphenated: great-grandfether, sister-in-law. Closed: bedroom, headache, mailbox.
Common and Proper Nouns:
A common noun is the general not particular name of a person, place, thing, or idea. A proper noun is capitalized and is the particular name of a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples are person-James Baldwin, place-Chicago, Thing-Ford Motor Company, idea-Jazz, Rock
This is singular in form but names a group of people, places, things or ideas. some examples are, family, class, crew, band, flock, swarm.