Acne is the skin disease that starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. We call it blockheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples, or zits. These can occur on the face, neck, shoulders, back, or chest. Pimples that are large and deep are called cystic lesions.
Most young people get acne at the teenage age, but many adult women do have acne in the days before their menstrual periods. This is because hormone changes make the skin more oily after puberty starts.
There are so many treatments to prevent acne. Acne starts when oil and dead skin cells clog the skin’s pores. If germs get into the pores, the result can be swelling, redness, and pus.
To prevent acne you should wash your face twice a day with a gentle soap or acne wash. You want to keep your skin always clean. Avoid skin products that clog your pores. Try not to scrub or pick at your pimples. This can make them worse and can cause scars.
If you have just a few pimples to treat, you can get an acne cream without a prescription. Look for one that has benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. These work best when used just the way the label says.
There are skin treatments that can help acne scars look better and feel smoother. Ask your doctor about them. The best treatment for you depends on how severe the scarring is.
It can take time to get acne under control. Keep using the same treatment for 6 to 8 weeks. If your skin is not better after 8 weeks, try another product. If your pimples are really bothering you or are scarring your skin, see your doctor. A prescription gel or cream for your skin may be all you need.
If you have acne cysts, talk to your doctor about stronger medicine. Isotretinoin (such as Accutane) works very well, but it can cause birth defects. And using Accutane may be associated with depression.
Let your doctor know if you have had depression before taking this medicine. And if you are female, you must protect against pregnancy by using two forms of birth control. Even one dose of this medicine can cause birth defects if a woman takes it while she is pregnant. You cannot take isotretinoin if you are breast-feeding.
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