Pruning is a horticultural practice to keep the aesthetic form and growth of a tree to bring desired results. Pruning could solve problems with old age of a branch or parts of the tree. Mechanically damaged branches, rubbed and injured twigs, pest infested or disease infected parts of trees are removed by pruning. This is a preventive measure to keep the tree in healthy condition.
Avoid Dangers and Discomforts:
Controlling the growth of trees becomes necessary when they do not grow proportionately. Their growth near by electrical wires, street lights and road signals are to be carefully restricted. The old and weak branches that tend to break and fall should be removed in advance. The branches that grow very low obstructing the sights at homes and parking areas should also be pruned.
How to prune large Non-Commercial Trees?
Tree care professionals with proper equipments are engaged in pruning and maintaining the natural shape of the tree.
The most common tree pruning methods are:
1. Crown Thinning:
The branches on the out skits or crown part of the trees are removed to allow light penetration and air circulation. This in turn, allows better growth, by removing the over crowded branches.
2. Crown rising:
Removing the lower level branches allow more clearance above the floorings, lawns, side walks and streets.
3. Crown reduction:
Large branches at the top of the trees are removed to lessen the height. However, this is not generally advised in view of the fact that it is harmful to the growing tree. This is done only when it affects the tall monuments or buildings.
How to prune trees of commercial importance?
Pruning in Apple trees:
These need scientific approach in pruning of trees like apple and similar fruit trees. Generally, during winter, the growth of leaves and shoots are restricted and come to nearly a halt in the fall. Hence, the end of winter is the right time to cut the terminal shoots of the last grown shoots leaving one or two vegetative buds to grow. The cut end of the branch is protected with a paint of a fungicide.
These buds will grow in the spring season into a fresh shoots and open up some flower buds in each shoot to initiate fruit formation. When a number of fresh shoots produce flowering buds, then the tree will bear a good number of fruits.
Pruning in Grape vines:
The pruning of the vine starts in the six months onwards. The pruning of lateral shoots allows the central shoot to become stronger. Every year, the grown up last season shoots are cut to the base allowing one or two lateral shoots. Likewise every year the new shoots are added to make the vine yard spread with a good coverage of grapes leaves and bunches of fruits in every season.
Pruning in Tea garden:
We know tea is a tree, but grown as a shrub by pruning in every winter. This is just to encourage the growth of fresh tea leaves, which are the commercial products. Green tea leaves and buds are plucked for weathering, cutting, tearing, curling and finally firing to produce black teas.
This is a crude and violent form of pruning to make a big banyan tree to be shorter to fit in side a small tea cup. Every now and then it is pruned to arrest the growth. A shocking surprise is that it also bears fruits on this dwarf banyan tree.
‘PRUNING TREES’ IS A SCIENTIFIC METHOD TO MAKE IT
BEAR FRUITS IN RIGHT TIME IN EVERY SEASON!