In June 1947, officially invited by the Spanish Government, Evita began a tour that took her to Spain, Italy, Portugal, France, Switzerland, Monaco, Brazil and Uruguay.
Acclaimed in Spain, received the highest honor: the Grand Cross of Isabel the Catholic. In Italy was received by Pope Pius XII, who gave the leading gold rosary in his hands at the time of death. But not everyone in this country were treated: the Communist Party showed its condemnation of the visit to shout: “Down with fascism!”. The protest would be repeated elsewhere in the film, although with less intensity. Alternated visits in France and rest … Where was the program of visits and receptions was punctuated by the districts covered by workers and social work. As we left looking for donations “European lessons” on social action. Three years after that trip said: “With few exceptions, those visits knew all that learning should not be in our land a work of social assistance. The peoples and governments that visited me forgive my frankness is so clear but so honored . Moreover, they-the people and government are not to blame. The century that preceded Perón in Argentina is the century that preceded them.
Women: the female vote and the Female Peronist Party
On his return from Europe, Eva returned to full activities. Before the game had begun to push for the achievement of suffrage for women.
From the Secretary of Labor and, Colonel Perón faced a policy aimed at women. In this area created the Division of Employment and Assistance for Women. Is to revive the issue of female suffrage. On July 26, 1945, in a ceremony held at the Congress, Perón explained his support for the initiative. It then formed the Commission for Women’s Suffrage, which the government filed a petition requesting enforcement of the Acts of Chapultepec, by which the signatory countries that had not granted the vote to women were committed to doing so.
On September 3, 1945 the National Assembly of Women, chaired by Victoria Ocampo, decided to reject the vote given by a de facto government and demanded that the government was taken by the Supreme Court. The theme of the Assembly was “female suffrage but sanctioned by a Congress elected in honest elections.” The events of October 45 postponed the issue. The electoral campaign of 1946 showed that, either with the support of Labor or the Democratic Union, a woman, even without political rights, had entered politics argentina. Lacked standing.
Once in the chair, Perón returned to the question of female suffrage. He did so in his first message to Congress on July 26, 1946 in the Five Year Plan.
In this context, Eva embarked on the campaign from different places: the legislators, with the delegations who visited with women in nucleated centers, through radio and newspaper … Eva’s message was addressed to a large conglomerate female, was installed in the women and they began to play an active role: a rally, published manifestos and labor groups took to the streets by putting up posters demanding the law. Women’s centers and institutions issued statements of accession. Women recognized Eva Perón to her spokesperson. And the September 23, amid a huge act in Civic Plaza de Mayo, the law was enacted.
The enactment of Law 13,010 implies a series of tasks that made her efectivización. If the path for obtaining the right had been arduous, the civic training and the preparation of women to serve in the magazine business policies would be even more. In this regard, September 14, 1947 the Supreme Council of the Peronist Party decided to amend its rules of membership, which would, in future, the formation of another Peronist party, exclusively for women.
This event took place on July 25, 1949. At the Teatro Nacional Cervantes was held the First National Assembly of the Peronist Women’s Movement. There was the Female Peronist Party, whose fundamental principle was the unity around the doctrine and person of Perón. Eva was elected President of it, with full powers of organization. Basic units of the Female Peronist Party developed, along with the task of indoctrination (strongholds were in the presidential campaign of 1951), tasks of social action.
Political action aimed at women harvested fruit in the elections on November 11, 1951. 3,816,654 women voted. 63.9% did so by the Peronist Party, 30.8% for the Radical Civic Union. In turn, the Peronist Party was the only one of the two leading women in their lists. In 1952, 23 deputies and 6 senators took their seats.