World Heritage by the United Nations: Quebrada de Humahuaca

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Quebrada de Humahuaca 
Jujuy Province, was declared World Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). During the meeting held on July 2 in Paris, France, the Andean valley that extends for 155 kilometers in northwestern Argentina, won the unanimous vote of the 21 members of the Committee of the UNESCO World Heritage, which described the landscape as a “patrimonial system of unique characteristics.” 

Submission to UNESCO of any documentation to substantiate the nomination of the Gorge, was sent in late January 2002 and was developed within the framework of an agreement between the Federal Council of Investments (CFI) and the Province of Jujuy, signed in June 2001 by the governor of the province of Jujuy, 
Dr. Eduardo Fellner and the general secretary of the IFC, Juan José Ciácera in the city of San Salvador de Jujuy. The technical studies were prepared through the technical and financial assistance from IFC, the agency also attended to the organizational mission official Annual Congress of the UNESCO. 

Quebrada de Humahuaca is a cultural itinerary of 10,000 years. As they walked the trails of various Aboriginal tribes, and still retain religious beliefs, rituals, festivals, art, music and farming techniques that are a living heritage. 
With this statement, UNESCO is committed to supporting education and sustainable development of the area and preserve the culture of native peoples. 

Was included in the category of Cultural Landscape. 
This is a new category in which the assets represent a synthesis between the natural and cultural landscapes, as the area Humahuaca was inevitable the way of communication between the Upper Peru and the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata. 

Quebrada de Humahuaca combines a number of natural attractions, cultural and historical sites, so the province has a large influx of tourists. Begins 39 kilometers from San Salvador de Jujuy, on route 9, and covers about 170 miles of valleys and mountains drawn from south to north. The mountains have different colors according to the minerals that form. This landscape is between 2000 and 4000 meters above sea level and has a strip 13 kilometers wide watered in times of thaw, the Rio Grande, fresh and abundant. 

Volcano is the first village in the Gorge, from San Salvador de Jujuy. Later Tumbaya is at 2094 meters, with its eighteenth-century chapel and a spring where, legend has it, drank San Francisco Solano. Purmamarca of the craft fair, a museum of national history built in 1772 in the Posta Hornillos Maimará and carnivals, are other attractions of this place. Tilcara comes in the Aboriginal tradition, with the presence of strong Viltipoco, last chief of the tribe of Omaguaca, offered stubborn resistance to Spanish colonization. In Huacalera a monolith indicates the crossing of the Tropic of Capricorn and then appears before the eyes of the people of Humahuaca traveler, with its adobe houses, narrow cobbled streets and the church with its paintings of the school of Cuzco, Peru. Among its attractions is the Pucara de Tilcara, a fortification that Aboriginal built on top of a mountain, from where it dominates the valley and roads. 

Such works are embedded in the Inca Trail, who was born in Ecuador and is stretching to the south of Mendoza province in Argentina. This tour is one of the sites included in UNESCO analyzes prized roster. La Quebrada is a great stretch of the route used by the Incas. Now, along with Argentina Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Chile and Peru is preparing a joint submission to UNESCO, in particular, it would be historic, as a mark of cultural policy between various countries in Latin America. 


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