How is a yeast infection caused?

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A yeast infection is an uncomfortable condition many women suffer from. It is a fungal infection in the vaginal area. There are many causes for this problem that can be treated and prevented. Knowing the causes and recognizing the symptoms of a yeast infection is important for proper treatment. The bacteria located in the vaginal area quickly increase in number and cause a yeast infection.

Causes

Antibiotics

Antibiotics can cause the number of bacteria to increase. Though antibiotics are excellent for treatment of many illnesses, they can also cause other disorders like yeast infections. Infections are eliminated, but the beneficial bacteria in the vaginal area that is normally present is destroyed.  Not all antibiotics have this effect, as every woman’s body reacts differently.  When an antibiotic cause this condition, only treatment is possible.

Clothing

The condition of the clothing worn has an affect on yeast infections that occur. Dirty clothes, mainly underwear, that is tight and not made of cotton contains moisture that can increase chances of getting a yeast infection.

Diet

Common belief is that sugar gives yeast the nutrients to expand and feed the bacteria to increase in number. Alcohol and caffeine intake may also have an affect on the development of a yeast infection.

Hormones

During pregnancy, hormone increases and decreases will have an affect on yeast infections. Some woman who use birth control pills are also susceptible to getting this disorder near the time their menstrual period is scheduled to arrive.

Other

Other causes of this medical issue include lack of sleep, improper eating habits, high level of stress, and the use of steroids. Illnesses, like HIV/AIDS, will increase the probability of developing this medical problem.

Symptoms

Symptoms of yeast infection include a burning sensation, irritation and change in color, and inflammation of the vulva.  Many women also experience pain during urination and sexual contact.  A white cheese-like discharge without odor can also be seen.

Diagnosis

A vaginal exam is required to check for inflammation and any discharges.  A sample of the substance found in the vaginal area is taken for testing for testing at a lab to determine the problem.

Treatment

A physician may prescribe creams, oral medications or suppositories to eliminate a yeast infection. Over the counter products will also help treat and eliminate the problem if used properly. Many women have purchased the products, but without confirmation of having an infection. Non-treatment without consulting a physician will lead to other severe medical problems such as inability to conceive, cancer and complications during pregnancy.

References:

For more information on the causes of yeast infection, read the article “Causes of Yeast Infections”

https://www.msu.edu/~eisthen/yeast/causes.html

Information on what a yeast infection is, causes, treatment, and symptoms read the FAQs page.

http://www.womenshealth.gov/FAQ/vaginal-yeast-infections.cfm#g

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