National Park, Los Alerces, Argentina.

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It was created in 1937 primarily to protect the forests of larch or Lahu giant exponent of the Andean-Patagonian flora. 

It covers an area of 263,000 hectares and is located in the west of Chubut province, in the Andean region and the international border with the Republic of Chile. 

The park is open all year, more propitious season: summer, early fall and late spring. Admission $ 5. 

Aspects of their nature 

This National Park is home to a beautiful lake and complex system where flow and many streams and rivers are born. The lakes are surrounded by mountains covered with dense forests coihue, cypress and lenga. 

At its western end the rains nurture the formation more lush and rich in Andean-Patagonian forests: the forest Valdivian. The most prominent component plant is larch, this park which lies in larger formations. 

In the margins of the northern and southern arms of Lake Menéndez are copies of more note. This species can grow to gigantic 60 meters high with a trunk diameter of three meters and an age of approximately 3000 years in some copies. 

Other special training to be highlighted in this park is the maitenal, which is as much as regular component of the forest, as in the transition to the Patagonian steppe. 

Animals 

The park hosts, in turn, populations of endangered species as huemul, pudu, pigeon and cat huiña araucana. Among the most common birds found Chucao, a very gentle land bird, the black carpenter patagonian, the parrot and the southern Patagonian thrush. 

Climate: humid-temperate cold. Temperatures averaged 2 ° C in winter, 24 º C in summer. 

Cultural aspects 

The prehistoric exploration and colonization of the wooded mountain-lake region of northern Patagonia is represented in this park in the remains of two settlements of hunter-gatherer groups, located at different altitudinal levels on the river Desaguadero the Alero and the Shaman’s Path Interpretation. 

These two sites are considered to be of limited activities, not basic residential and multi-activity, are associated with the use of various resources of the forest, joining the late stage of the regional prehistory. Dated by the ongoing investigations dating back to 2200 and 1500 years before present. 

Is recurrent in these occupations use the walls of the eaves as a support for the execution of paintings. 

These are common in their styles of Greco and the complicated rock art symbols of northern Patagonia. 

The main reasons are expressed in these sites: clepsydra, concentric circles, cross, square, rectangle, mazes and schematic figures. 

The visitor can see these testimonies cultural Trail Interpretive specially authorized for that purpose. 

Amenities 

Five inns and bungalows with a motel on Lake Futalaufquen. In Green Lake is an organized campsite with toilets, hot showers, electricity, grills and proveduría and a wild camping without facilities. 
At the Villa Futalaufquen within the Park, is the Administration and the Visitors Center where you can get the information you need about the park and purchase a fishing permit. This town has service stations and tourist offers as tea houses, holiday gifts and inns. Also in other parts of the protected area provides accommodation cabins and inns. 

Access Mode 

Dudad is up from Esquel by National Route No. 259 splicing with Provincial Route No. 71, which crosses the protected area in north-south direction. Along this road you arrive at Villa Futalaufquen, where the Administrative Center of the National Park. The route continues north of the Villa Park Futalaufquen uniting with the National Route No. 258, bound for the City of El Bolson. 

By plane you arrive at the airport in Esquel, which is 38 km. Park. 
Must: 

Can also be reached by train, with its famous’ Trochita ‘which connects the station with Jacobacci Engineer Esquel. 

Data of interest for the visitor 

Puerto Limonao, about 4 km. the Inspectorate, including a lake tour. Sail across Lake Futalaufquen to go up the river Arrayanes shortly. 

In Green Lake walking down a short distance to another vessel, which continues navigating Lake Menéndez. 

It borders the Big Island and shortly afterwards you can admire the magnificent snowfields Cerro Torrecillas. 

Finally, we reach the headwaters of the north arm of Lake Menéndez where, through appropriate paths, walkways and stairs, you can tour the majestic larch 

Different places and attractions of this National Park can be traversed by more than twenty footpaths, numerous roads and trails authorized for vehicle ride and cycling. Below some of the trails that allow you to beautiful places of the park: 

• Cinco Saltos Path: the ascent takes two hours and half par8; endo from Puerto Limonao, reaching a viewpoint of the waterfalls of the creek Pumas. Presents an average difficulty of promotion. 

• Trail Cerro Alto El Dedal: Requires 5 or 6 hours of climbing, starting from Puerto Bustillo and ending with a watchtower at the summit of the hill, from where you can see part of Lake Futalaufquen, Status and Cordón Desaguadero River Valley. Presents a high challenge for promotion. 

• Kruger Lake Trail is a walk of 12 hours round trip which starts and ends from Puerto Limonao in Lake Kruger, where camping is allowed. The difficulty it presents is a medium-low. 

• Path to the Waterfall Creek is a trail that takes four or five hours walk from Villa Futalaufquen based and does a circuit through the east slope of Cordón situation through multiple viewpoints. The tour ends at the same Villa Futalaufquen. The difficulty it presents is a medium-low. 

• Path to Laguna Escondida is a rise of 4 hours-long river rises in Arrayanes and culminates in Laguna Escondida. Presents an average difficulty. 

• Path to the Cerro Alto Petiso: the ascent is six or seven hours. Departing from Puerto Mermoud, on the shores of Green Lake and reach the summit of the hill. Present a high difficulty of ascent. 

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