What is Influenza A (H1N1)?

What is Influenza A (H1N1)?

It is a highly contagious acute respiratory infection caused by a new influenza virus or the flu. 

Clinical symptoms are generally similar to those of seasonal influenza, ranging from asymptomatic infection to severe pneumonia. 

HIV transmission occurs from person to person through the microdroplets that are generated by talking, coughing or sneezing. 

Being a new virus, everyone is vulnerable to contracting the disease. Who present a special risk are pregnant women, children, young adults and those suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes and heart or respiratory problems, among others. 
Is this new vaccine for influenza virus? 

NO. The seasonal influenza vaccine does not protect the new flu viruses.

How is influenza A transmited?
By direct contact with a sick person. 
Of microdroplets by coughing or sneezing of infected persons. 
By touching contaminated surfaces such as door knobs, stair railings or cops. 
By touching your eyes, nose or mouth after being in contact with infected people or items.

What are the symptoms?
Fever over 38 ° 
Frequent and intense coughing. 
Headache. 
Malaise. 
Difficulty breathing. 
Sore throat. 
Nasal congestion. 
Aching muscles and joints. 
Lack of appetite

What to do 
presence of symptoms?
Consult a doctor or healthcare professional immediately. 
Staying at home, not go to work or school and avoid crowds. 
No self. Do not take aspirin. 
Wash your hands often with soap and water. 
Keep clean and ventilated environment. 
Hello without shaking hands or kiss. 
Limit contact with others. 
Eat well, take plenty of fluids and getting enough sleep and necessary. 
If you do not have these symptoms 
But traveling to places that are new influenza virus and / or been in contact with people with symptoms, stay alert to the onset of the symptoms mentioned within the first 10 days. In the presence of these contributes to the doctor for proper advice. 
Avoid smoking in enclosed spaces.

How to prevent contagion? Recommendations

If cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or a disposable handkerchief. Throw used tissues in the trash discarded after use. 
Wash your hands often with soap and water or an alcohol-based product. 
Avoid touching eyes, nose or mouth with your hands not washed. 
Avoid direct contact with sick people. 
The use of chinstrap only infected people who needed to be deployed by force majeure. If you are infected is not necessary to use chinstrap. 
Clean and disinfect surfaces often as door knobs, elevator buttons and tables. 
When washing your hands? 

Before: 
Prepare or eat some food. 
Caring for a patient. 
Treat a wound. 
Using a computer. 

After: 
Go to the bathroom. 
Coughing or sneezing. 
Blowing your nose. 
Visit or attend to a sick person. 
Use public transportation. 
Being in contact with animals and their wastes. 
Touching raw meat (fish, meat and chicken). 
Handle garbage or nappies. 
Touching objects not as rigorously clean money, phone or keys. 

On arrival: 
To work. 
Home. 
How to wash your hands? 
Use soap and water or alcohol based product. 
Wash at least 20 seconds, including wrists and between fingers. 
Rinse thoroughly. 
Dry with disposable paper, closing the tap water with the same paper. 
Repeat the washing several times a day.

What if I am ill, 
not to pass?

Stay home and keep at rest until discharge. 
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth with no hands. Cover your mouth with a tissue whenever possible dischargeable. If no scarf covering his mouth with the angle of the elbow 
Always wash your hands after coughing or sneezing. 
Use chinstrap. 
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water or alcohol gel higienícelas. 
Do not share food, cups and cutlery. 
Proper use of the chinstrap 
Be sure to cover nose and mouth tightly. 
Avoid touching it while in use. 
Change it to another when it becomes wet. 
Discarded if cracks or breaks. 

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