The influenza. The pandemia of the 21st century.

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What is a pandemic? 

It is an epidemic disease that spreads steadily in at least three countries on two WHO regions, or that attacks almost all individuals in a locality or area, according to the Royal Spanish Academy. 
What is the difference between an epidemic? 

The difference is that the epidemic is a disease that is spreading steadily for some time in a country simultaneously undertaking a large number of people. 
What is then the declaration of a pandemic? 

According to experts, the influenza A has entered a phase of pandemic alert means that maximum has been circulating on a sustained basis for over two continents. 
Why was not before? 

Because while the disease was present on several continents, only the June 11 became epidemic characteristics in three countries on two continents: United States and Mexico, America and Australia in Oceania. 
How serious is that? 

In the words of Margaret Chan, there are good reasons to believe that worldwide, the gravity of the pandemic, at least in its early days, will moderate. ” 
Will it affect in the same way everywhere? 

According to the director of the WHO, experience indicates that the severity can vary depending on many factors from one country to another. In some countries, about 2% of cases have been severe, often progressing rapidly towards a potentially fatal form of pneumonia. 
What is the population at risk? 

Severe complications in cardiac patients, people with COPD, asthmatics, smokers, diabetics and hypertensives. Most serious and fatal infections have occurred in adults between 30 and 50 years. This pattern differs from what happens to the epidemics of seasonal influenza, where mortality affects mainly the elderly. 
How much will the affected population in the country by the influenza A? 

According to Daniel infectologists Stamboulian, is unpredictable. “It is likely that, as with seasonal influenza is between 5 and 10% of the population. The drama happens when you become ill between 20 and 40%. In this scheme fivefold increase hospitalizations and mortality triples. Today, the annual seasonal flu deaths in the country between 1000 and 3000 cases, “he said. 
Should use chinstrap? 

According Stamboulian is a controversial and little scientific value, except for being in contact or within one meter of an infected. 

So now you know a little bit about . Even if you don’t know everything, you’ve done something worthwhile: you’ve expanded your knowledge.


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