Exactly 13 minutes after 14 hours of Evo Morales as the first tears shed in the afternoon, and he cried throughout Bolivia. In that instant, the Vice President Alvaro Garcia Linera, imposed on the neck of the Liberator Medal, highest symbol of power in this Republican country. The medal hung on the presidential sash and then, and it was a fact: the first indigenous president of this century was ready to govern their homeland. But had to close chapters, balancing the accounts.
“Mr. President of Congress,” said Evo Garcia Linera, who is including the assignment of presiding over the legislature, “I ask you for a minute of silence to remember our fallen heroes.” Thus began his speech the president of Bolivia: seeking a little peace and silence to remember the dead. In a journey through the centuries and the blood shed in this part of the world, among others mentioned Evo Tupaj Katari, the Che Guevara, dozens of indigenous leaders, and ultimately to the citizens of the city of El Alto in October massacred 2003, his fellow growers and all the unsung heroes of this country.
In memory of that lineage rebel boliviano, the ancient building of the Republican Congress spent maybe a minute longer than its history. Just the lament of pututu (horn beef used as wind instrument) that is heard 60 seconds. And finally, the broken cry of Evo Morales asking glory to the martyrs for liberation.
That black wire, deaths and defeats, the new president began his speech, because “this is our story … we were doomed to extermination, and now we are here … just to change our history,” took flight Evo, explaining that the indigenous people in Bolivia have been subjected and humiliated for centuries, but its government is the point of bankruptcy now will “seek to resolve this historical problem.”
In this memorial of grievances, Evo Morales made clear one thing, as it had before his peers in the archaeological ruins of Tiwanaku one day before: the 500 years of resistance and they have completed, the original people of America must be prepared to “seize power by 500 years.” But without rancor, he insisted, “because the Indians are not spiteful.”
In the eyes filled with tears of his brothers, as the coca growers’ leader Leonilda Zurita, who cried from the stage standing throughout the ceremony, Evo made at this point be a profile of indigenous mixed with the emotion of Che Guevara. Also placed this time in history, with him as president, as a continuation of the struggle of Tupaj Katari, who in 1781 besieged the city for months and ended with little mastery of the Spanish crown.
But, “and they say this with great sincerity, with great humility,” Evo recount did all this by saying that it was only under the government of indigenous people that things will change, because “indigenous peoples are the moral reserve of humanity . Closed and received a standing ovation, one of many who would interrupt his inaugural address. Then begin to recount their ideas, their proposals, all mixed with some hints and a question or complaint rather front.
End the colonial state
Was over, the president emphasized Morales with a straight rate and dark, that the capital in few hands. “These policies have to change in a democracy,” he said. And that this will be announced in his government, but to humiliate and mistreat the other, as it did to him.
Then the president Evo recalled that one afternoon in March last year, going on foot from the building up of the Congress government palace, to talk with former President Carlos Mesa for a period of conflict, was attacked by some people in the street, “What they wanted to hang Evo Morales.” And that offense on the part of supporters of officers (who was in the auditorium) was no more an incentive for people to follow his conscience awakened, he said.
“Former presidents, understand: this is not done, not marginalized,” topped the box toward Evo where three former Bolivian presidents were invited to his inauguration, seemed calm and tense jaws. And for all this, continued the Indian agent, who must “end the colonial state.”
Morales then followed with complete summary of what we always said about racism and discrimination. And at this stage, where the present discourse interrupted every few minutes with their applause and lively, the few MPs from the right had a serenity and without applause, until Evo announced that democracy was the best way to decolonize the State , and ending with corruption.
And began the political explanation …
The Power of Conscience
Removed without the leather jacket adorned with woven Andean Evo began his explanation by historical plundering of natural resources, something tolerated and encouraged by previous governments and parliamentarians. “There was no love for the motherland,” said Morales, “when the looting was done … I understand that politics is the way to improve the economy of the people … and this has not happened in our country.”
Water stressed in principle, should be public service. Explaining that it was absurd and the privatization of the resource that will have its final in his administration. In fact, the Bolivian president said that the policies were related to natural resources, such as water, gas and coca, “which encouraged” the conscience of the Bolivian people. ”
And speaking of the redistribution of land, citing the need for dialogue with Bolivian landowners to reverse the State hectares of unproductive land. It is not possible “to raise a cow needed 40 hectares or 50 … can not we have to be a cow to be 40 or 50 acres,” said Morales.
Industrialization, the great challenge
Same for productivity and industry, for which he recalled, for example, that since August 6, 1825 (date of establishment of the Republic of Bolivia) is not nothing in this industrialized country, which has remained for over a century and a half, as an exporter of raw materials, but without much benefit for it.
“All natural resources should go into the hands of the Bolivian people, whether water, gas or coca,” said the new president of this nation which has the second largest gas reserves in South America, noting that “a challenge to all Bolivians industrialize is our way out of poverty. ”
But he also said that the recovery of natural resources must be “responsible”, stressing that there will be negotiations with foreign oil, alluding to Repsol, Total, and Petrobras, an adaptation of contracts to establish full control over the industry and raise tax revenues from the exploitation of gas and oil.
In short, speaking of the need to improve health programs and education, “this economic model does not work,” said Evo, giving as it may perhaps work in Europe or any African country, but in Bolivia the neoliberal model is not. ”
And he said it was just that popular, the futility of neoliberalism, which had led him to power, winning elections, it should respect its mandate.
Morales, 46, single, to be exhibited respect for “those who want to live better,” but without exploiting anyone.
“Do not get nervous”
Evo went several times directly to former rulers positioned in the box above to your left. But it was the talk of legal certainty, which asked the transnationals and governments to continue investing in Bolivia where President Morales Aima made his most direct reference to the tough talk from Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, “that the Lord Shannon visited us last night, “to speak out that the U.S. values and policies, and policies will not be accepted submissively.
“No import policy,” was the slogan of Evo Morales, invoking the compression of the international community. To clarify that what follows is to build up local policies and laws necessary for the development and growth. In this passage, Evo again wove his personal story with political history.
“I remember when I came to this building in 97,” Morales said in reference to his first term as an MEP. He mentioned that four members were peasants who worked in the legislature, which have blocked each of its bills. And looking towards the Congress where the parliamentarians from opposition parties, the president told them: “Do not get nervous, they were not going to do the same thing you did to us … in fact, called the Evo to work, because the remaining tasks are many.
Clearly showing the need to convene a Constituent Assembly for the next June, Evo Morales recalled that requires a different way to organize the government in Bolivia. “We’re different,” recalled Morales, plunging into a story of his recent visit to Argentina where, looking calmly, she realized the resemblance between him and the Argentine president Néstor Kirchner, the shape of the nose in two. “He’s white and I am a parrot parrot brown … we are equal in diversity.”
Therefore, to give a new form of government in Bolivia, which undoubtedly include regional autonomy and indigenous peoples, Evo called for a joint Parliament, which should become “an army in the second struggle for independence from Bolivia . Although made it clear that if they do not, if they can not, the task is in the hands of the indigenous and social movements that continue to struggle. Because these actions and proceedings, made clear, will serve to “deepen democracy, the right not only to vote but to live well.”
Coca zero no
The production line returned the Bolivian president, to talk about industrialization, the policy of austerity that his government will, beginning with the basic pay raise (which is less than $ 60 a month) and lower the wages of state officials . For all, indeed, requested support and backing of the people, professionals and sometimes the presidents of other countries, namely Cuba and Venezuela.
Evo spoke of literacy (with a program that will support Cuba), health official documents to all Bolivians, to support micro and small industry, to eradicate corruption … because at some point “this country was the runner-corruption,” Morales said, without pausing to ask the former president Jaime Paz Zamora how he could allow that, since its mandate in Bolivia was ranked by Transparency International as the second most corrupt country the planet.
Well, seeing that his speech was long, Evo said they just finished, “not think that Fidel or Chavez are passing me,” which earned him the respect and laughter of a new general applause, which was not as intense as when he spoke strongly of the issue of coca espinoza.
Evo Morales spoke of the harm that drugs and drug trafficking in the world, “is an evil that we have imported.” And United States proposed an agreement to fight narcotics, but that does not include, as stated many times during his election campaign, “zero cocaine, zero drug trafficking, but”.
As the Subcomandante
At the end of his speech, Evo spared no praise for some of their Latin American counterparts today as Lula, Kirchner, Fidel Castro, Chavez and Lagos. Not mentioned Alvaro Uribe in Colombia or Peru Alejandro Toledo.
Neither the Mexican president, Vicente Fox, who despite having been invited, delegated to its ambassador in La Paz.
The EZLN also arrived and it was also invited.
Also spoke of reviving the mining industry and to end foreign debt, asking the international community and funding agencies to cancel all debt permanently. Only produce, also said, “can escape from poverty”, but the scourge of debt and inequalities are somewhat important in this way.
However, “countries are equal in dignity and right to be sovereign … therefore, in short speeches in Quechua and Aymara, Evo Morales called all the natives of his country to unity, because in the new cabinet will not nepotism or corruption.
Explaining his way of governing, Evo ended “as Subcomandante Marcos says: mandar … obeying the people thank you very much.” And retired