Geographic Description: Since its origin in the Sierra del Mar, not far from the Atlantic coast, Iguazu River flows into the west, a distance of nearly 1200 km through Brazil. As the river meanders through the highlands of the plateau of Paraná will receive water from the rivers that flow to increase its constribuyen. Gradually found its way to sea level, dropping to 70 cascades and waterfalls that attempt to interrupt its course.
But the river has its “obstacles” to little more distance from its confluence with the Paraná, where the Iguassu forms the boundary between Brazil and Argentina in Misiones province.
This spectacle of nature, regarded as one of the wonders of the world, originated some 200 thousand years ago on the site is now known as the Hito Tres Fronteras, where the Iguazu and Parana River.
Its name comes from the words “and” (similar to / u / from German or / u / from French, produced by contraction of the throat) and “guasu” (read guadsú), which in Guarani language means ” water “and” large “, respectively.
A geological fault produced by the Paraná river channel caused the river turned a sharp left Iguazu waterfall 80 meters high. From that point, where it originated Falls, where today is the Garganta del Diablo, there are 23 kilometers away, slow decline due to erosion, but continuing in the position of the Falls.
This great original cascade, has become two large archways sinuous length of 2700 meters. Being the largest jump of all the Garganta del Diablo.
The violence of the collapse produces a permanent fog, where sunbeams form multiple rainbows of unsurpassed beauty.