This is an important winter tourism city in South America and the most populated city in the Patagonian Andes. It is located bordering the Nahuel Huapi National Park in the southwestern province of Black River, near the Andes, on the south bank of Lake Nahuel Huapi, a 832 km Viedma.
Its reserves, which include lakes, forests and mountains, its architectural style, and outstanding ski resorts are the main attraction and economic livelihood of this city.
A bit of history of Bariloche
There is evidence of the existence of native settlements on the shores of Lake Nahuel Huapi in the area now occupied by the city of Bariloche, before the arrival of white explorers and settlers. Between the mid-seventeenth century and early eighteenth century, the area was the subject of travel of missionaries from Chile, including parents Diego Rosales, Nicolás Mascardi, Felipe and Juan José Laguna Guillelmo. The first white man who came to the region from the Atlantic is Dr. Francisco Moreno Pascasio then had 23 years of age, arrived on January 22, 1876 and hoisted the Argentine flag on the shores of Nahuel Huapi.
The Indians who lived in the region was ravaged during the Desert Campaign, including the campaigns of General Conrado Villegas the years 1881 and 1882. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the largest settlement was located at the river Limay, although the resident Carlos Wiederhold was already an established store in the area now occupied by the city and developed a remarkable business with Chile.
The city was officially founded on May 3, 1902, by decree of the Executive’s Office. In 1909 already had some 1,250 inhabitants, telegraph, mail and walk to Neuquén. But depending on the continued trade with Chile until the arrival of the railway in 1934.
The weather is largely influenced by the winds that blow almost constantly in from the west. These moist winds from the Pacific Ocean on its way through the Andes, deposit its moisture in a mountainous zone that extends up to about 30 to 40 km east of the Argentine-Chilean border. During May and June produced the highest rainfall, reaching monthly average of about 130 mm. The month of November is highlighted by the strong winds that can gust to 100 km / hour. Bariloche is the climate of high mountains, with heavy rain, cool temperatures and low annual amplitude.
Tourism is the main economic activity in the city. Because of its geographical characteristics, there are activities that take place during the summer and winter themselves. The city is located in the heart of the Nahuel Huapi National Park and is the gateway (by water) of the National Park protects an estimated Arrayanes forest of myrtle. Used catamarans for walks lake excursion.
Annually receives national and international tourism, which delights in the many activities on offer in this city on the edge of Lake Nahuel Huapi.
The most important ski resort of Cerro Catedral Argentina is located 20 km from San Carlos de Bariloche. Another ski center is the Cerro Otto, where it is practiced cross-country skiing, also known as cross-country skiing or cross country.
Within the tour is bound to visit Tronador via Lake Mascardi for which trips may be made lake and visit the Black Ventisquero glacier at its base. It is also possible to climb to the top of the hill Tronador overnight on the road in a mountain refuge.
Nahuel Huapi Lake from the city.
Another route that also allowed to cross the border to Chile is the so called “Lake Crossing.” This walk starts in Puerto scarf, one of the places where they exit from catamarans on Lake Nahuel Huapi. This small port is located very close to the Hotel Llao Llao, and has one of the best scenery in the area.
Crossing lakes alternate routes for water and land will be traveling to Puerto Blest, a site located in the wonderful National Park where you can sleep in a hostel, away from everything. Then, by bus, continue the journey to Puerto Alegre, where he embarks on the ship to sail Lake Caleuche Frias, squeezed between the mountains and an amazing green. Puerto Frías are immigration and the journey continues towards Chile. Peulla first, then navigate to the Lake of All Saints until Petrohué where you can choose to visit Puerto Montt or Puerto Varas.
The water in rivers and lakes is cold at any time due to melting, however during the summer months even in March many people go to the sunny beaches of the Nahuel Huapi and Bonita, Serena and lakes Moreno and Gutiérrez, and even enjoy a bath. In lakes and rivers in the region practicing water sports, including sailing, canoeing and rafting on mountain rivers. It also has several hiking circuits equine as Piedras Blancas.
Of note is the extensive network of bites of the Club Andino Bariloche and mountain retreats that run and make it possible landscapes lakes, mountains and glaciers. There are routes for all levels, starting with two of few hundred meters under centenarians Coihues, chopped up a high mountain, recommended only for experts. The mountains are grouped in the Club Andino Bariloche, which provides information to tourists and residents, as well as your trekking permit free.
Between June and August, there are two major parties. One is the Fiesta Nacional de la Nieve, and the other is the Feast of Collectivities
The city of Bariloche has an airport equipped to receive aircraft of all types. The main domestic airlines Aerolineas Argentinas, LADE and LAN Argentina, make regular flights and several international airlines to nearby countries, which are increased in the days of skiing, and have their highest peaks during July and August (temparada high, more expensive tickets).
You can also get to Bariloche in addition to buses and cars, by train Patagonia, from the city of Viedma, about 800 km to the east, situated on the banks of the Black River.
The main road is Route 237 “Luis Piedrabuena” entering from Neuquén and connecting through the system of routes with Argentine Buenos Aires and the rest of Argentina. Other options are the Route 23 (it is paved from Route 3 to the area and then Valcheta gravel and earth), run the line south Patagonian or route RN 258, coming from the town of El Bolson in the south. Currently, the route RN 237 (from Collon Cura) and Route 258 are part of the route RN 40, the former routes 237 and 258 are joined by the new Circunvalación Avenue to the north of the city.