The fruits have evolved to attract the animal, being brightly colored and sweet tasting when ripe. The seed is hard seed or a stone. The size and taste of the fruit has been further modified by the production of numerous cultivated varieties. Since varieties differ according to where they are grown, and new varieties are constantly replacing older ones.
Among the typical food cultivars are: Crab Apple, Pear, Sweet Cherry, Plum, Apricot, Peach, Quince, Medlar, Mulberry, Citrus, Fig, Olive, Custard Apples, Persimmon, Pomegranate, Guava, Breadfruit, Papaya, Litchi, Avocado, Mango, Sapodilla, Brazil, Walnut, Almond, Chestnut, Hazel, Cashew etc.
Food Trees – Crab Apple: the wild Crab Apple is a native to temperate regions of Europe and Asia. It is also grown in many parts of North America. It is a many-branched tree and grows to a height of about 30 feet.
It has grayish-brown bark which splits up into thin, squarish plates. Its leaves are pointed and oval, with tooth’s edges. They grow in small clusters on short shoots. While flowers of Crab Apple tree are five pedaled, they are tinged with rose pink and grow in groups from a common base. At the tip of the fruit the calyx remains and there is always a hollow at the base of the stalk, which distinguishes crab apples form pears of the same shape.
There are four main groups of cultivated apples, all of them derived from the crab: dessert apples, cooking apples, cider apples and ornamental crab apples, cultivated mainly for their showy blossoms.
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