Clover or trefoil is a genus of about 300 species of plants. The genus is widely distributed but the highest diversity
is found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere. Many species also occur in South America and Africa, including
at high altitudes on mountains in the tropics.
1. Showy Indian Clover (Trifolium amoenum)
This beautiful wildflower called Showy Indian clover is an endangered annual herb that subsists in grassland
areas of the San Francisco Bay Area and the California Coast Ranges. This wildflower has an erect growth habit
and is typically found on heavy soils at elevations less than 100 meters.
2. Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)
This lovely-looking plant is a species native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and
naturalized in many other regions. The isoflavones and phytoestrogens from Red Clover have been used to treat
the symptoms of menopause. Women who are pregnant and breastfeeding should avoid ingesting Red Clover. It
has also been reported that red clover can be used for therapeutic purposes for coughs, bronchitis, eczema,
sores, scrofula and can be gargled for mouth ulcers and sore throats. It is also an ingredient in eight-herb essiac
tea. It is the national flower of Denmark and the state flower of Vermont.
3. White Clover (Trifolium repens)
White Clover is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. It has been widely introduced
elsewhere in the world as a pasture crop, and is also common in many grassy areas in North America.
4. Alsike Clover (Trifolium hybridum)
Alsike clover blossoms from April to October. The head of the flower has pale pink or whitish coloring. The leaves
unmarked: branch from stems. The plant is 1-2 feet tall, and is found in fields and on roadsides.
5. Zigzag Clover (Trifolium medium)
This beautiful flower known as Zigzag Clover is a plant species of the genus Trifolium.
6. Cow Clover (Trifolium wormskioldii)
This is a species of clover native to the western half of North America. It’s also called coast clover. It has a broad
distribution, growing in low, thick mats in coastal sand, sending up longer stalks in higher elevations, and in a thin,
squat form in mountainous areas up to about 3200 feet in elevation. The pinkish-purple or magenta flowers grow
in rounded inflorescences similar to those of other clovers. Cow clover was a common food for several Native
American groups, the roots cooked and eaten especially with fish, and the leaves eaten raw as a vegetable.
7. Crimson Clover (Trifolium incarnatum)
This attractive plant is also known as Italian Clover and is native to most of Europe. The species name incarnatum
means “blood red”.
8. Haresfoot Clover (Trifolium arvense)
This species of clover looks different from other species. It is also known as Rabbitfoot clover, Stone clover, and
Hare’s-foot clover. Oldfield is another common name for the plant.
9. Hop Trefoil (Trifolium campestre)
Hop Trefoil is also called Low Hop Clover native to Europe and western Asia, growing in most areas, but
specifically thriving on dry, sandy grassland habitats, as well as in fields, woodland margins, roadsides,
wastelands and cultivated land. The species name campestre means “of the fields”.
10. Lesser Hop Trefoil (Trifolium dubium)
Trifolium dubium or Lesser Hop Trefoil is a plant in the family Fabaceae.
A Four-leaf Clover
Clovers occasionally have leaves with four leaflets, instead of the usual three. These four-leaf clovers, like other
rarities, are considered lucky. It is said that if you have a 4 leaf clover, then you can use it to cancel out a
Leprechaun’s magic. Clovers can also have five, six, or more leaves, but these are rarer. The world record,
according to Guinness, is 18.
Hope you enjoyed this. Thank you!