Orchids are the most numerous of the flowering plants. Most orchids grown today are hybrid species, created by crossing two related species, or three to four different genera. There are two major types of orchids: terrestrials, which grow on the ground and epiphytes, the more popular type, which establish themselves.
Taking care of orchids may appear to be really difficult, but here we simplify your life with basic care instructions so you can enjoy healthy, blooming babies sans the worries.
1. Pay attention to the colors of the leaves. Leaves determine whether the plant is getting enough or too much sunlight. Reddish or purple edges are an indication that it is just a few steps away from burning. Too much sun can bleach out the chlorophyll, causing the leaves to turn yellow. Not enough light makes leaves dark. As a rule though, orchids do not liker direct sunlight.
2. Orchids prefer a humid environment but h\with good air circulation. Stagnant air causes fungal problems.
3. Water when needed. Most orchids’s prefer to be on the dryer side. Here’s a tip: when you lift the pot and it feels light, give the plant some water. Once in a while, give your orchids good watering in the sink, letting the water flow through for a minute. Use water at room temperature.
4. Fertilized once a week with a dilute solution of fertilizer. Generally, it is a teaspoon of fertilizer to a gallon of water. For beginners, consult as horticulturist or an experienced orchid enthusiast to help you with which fertilizer to use.
5. Have the right container. Epiphytes can be grown on driftwood or in pots with coarse, loose media like charcoal and osmunda (the root fiber in which is used in the cultivation of orchids), pot shards or broken bricks. Make sure that the pot drains well by either hanging it or having a gravel-filled saucer under it. If your orchid is more than two years old. It may need to be repotted. Carefully remove the plant from the pot, shake out the old medium, cut, off the dead roots, and repot it with new medium around and under the roots. Water generously after.