Doves and pigeons belong to family columbidae and are used interchangeably. In ornithological practice, dove is
used for smaller species while pigeon is for larger ones. Here are the 15 most colorful and prettiest doves in the
1. Orange Dove (Ptilinopus victor)
The attractive Orange Dove is a one of the most colorful doves. This lovely bird is distributed and native to the
islands in the Pacific like Fiji, Vanua Levu, Laucala, Oamea, Rabi and Taveuni. It is also commonly known as
2. Pink-headed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus porphyreus)
The small but colorful Pink-headed Fruit-dove is a resident breeding native bird in Indonesia. It inhabits the
mountain forests of Bali, Java and Sumatra. It is a shy and inconspicuous species. It is also informally known
as Pink-necked Fruit-dove or Temminck’s Fruit Pigeon.
3. Jambu Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus jambu)
The colorful Jambu Fruit-dove is a resident breeding bird in the islands of Kalimantan, Java and Sumatra in
Indonesia including Brunei, Malaysia and Thailand. This species occurs in mangrove swamps and lowland
rainforests up to 1,500 m and is also found in second growth woodland.
4. White-bellied Green Pigeon (Treron sieboldii)
The beautiful White-bellied Green-pigeon’s natural habitat is temperate forests. It can be found in Russia, China,
Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
5. Ruddy Cuckoo Dove (Macropygia emiliana)
The uniquely colored Ruddy Cuckoo-dove is a bird that can be found in Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia. It is a
species of bird in the columbidae family.
6. Beautiful Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus pulchellus)
The Beautiful Fruit-dove found on the rainforest of New Guinea is 19 cm (7½ in) long. It can also be found in the
islands of Batanta, Salawati, Waigeo and Misool and West Papua in Indonesia. It is also colloquially known as the
Rose-fronted Pigeon or Crimson-capped Fruit-dove.
7. Brush Bronzewing (Phaps elegans)
The Brush Bronzewing is native to the ‘land down under – Australia’ and its natural habitat is tropical and
subtropical dry forests.
8. Many-colored Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus perousii)
The Many-colored Fruit-dove can be found in south-west Pacific Ocean specifically on the islands of Fiji, Samoa
and Tonga. It occurs in subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. Its favorite fruit is fig.
9. Thick-billed Green-pigeon (Treron curvirostra)
The Thick-billed Green-pigeon is a colorful bird that can be found in South and Southeast Asia. Its natural
habitats are tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests of the
Philippines, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. It can also be found in
Bhutan, China, Hong Kong India and Nepal.
10. Coroneted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus coronulatus)
The Coroneted Fruit-dove of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea inhabits subtropical or tropical dry forests and
subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
11. Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera)
The Common Bronzewing is endemic to Australia one of its most common pigeons. It is able to live in almost any
habitat, with the possible exception of very barren areas and dense rainforests. On the average, it reaches
between 30–36 cm or 12–14 inches in length.
12. Superb Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus superbus)
The colorful and medium-sized Superb Fruit-dove grows up to 24 cm long. Males are more colorful than females
but both sexes have yellow eyes and eye-rings. Other Common names of this species is Purple-crowned
13. Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)
The Emerald Dove of South Asia specifically Pakistan and Sri Lanka builds a scant stick nest in a tree of up to 5
meters. This lovely-looking dove is also informally known by the names of Green Dove and Green-winged pigeon.
14. Mariana Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus roseicapilla)
The Mariana Fruit-dove is endemic to the Pacific islands of Guam and the Northern Marianas. This small but
colorful dove grows up to 24 cm long. Its diet consists mainly of fruits and is also known locally as Mwee’mwe
in the Carolinian language, Totot on Guam or Paluman Totut in Northern Mariana Islands.
15. Rose Crowned Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus regina)
The medium-sized Rose-crowned Fruit-dove of Australia occurs in lowland rainforests and monsoon forests. It
can be found also in Lesser Sunda Islands and Maluku Islands of Indonesia. It is also commonly known as
Pink-capped Fruit-dove or Swainson’s Fruit-dove.
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